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TitleReconnaissance surficial geology of the Rivière Grandin map area (NTS 86-D) and the legacy of glacial Lake McConnell, Northwest Territories: GEM-2 Mackenzie Project, report of activities 2018
LicencePlease note the adoption of the Open Government Licence - Canada supersedes any previous licences.
AuthorO'Neill, H BORCID logo; Kerr, D E; Wolfe, S AORCID logo
SourceGeological Survey of Canada, Open File 8479, 2018, 14 pages, Open Access logo Open Access
PublisherNatural Resources Canada
Documentopen file
Mediaon-line; digital
File formatpdf
ProvinceNorthwest Territories
NTS75C; 75D; 75E; 75F; 75K; 75L; 75M; 75N; 85; 86C; 86D; 86E; 86F; 86K; 86L; 86M; 96A; 96B; 96F; 96G; 96H; 96I; 96J; 96K
AreaRivière Grandin; Great Slave Lake; Whitebeach Point; Great Bear Lake
Lat/Long WENS-126.0000 -109.0000 68.0000 60.0000
Subjectssurficial geology/geomorphology; economic geology; geochronology; glacial deposits; glacial features; glacial landforms; glacial lakes; meltwater channels; drumlins; glacial flutings; moraines; tills; crag and tail; drumlinoids; glacial striations; glacial history; ice flow; deglaciation; eolian deposits; sands; organic deposits; peatlands; colluvial deposits; alluvial deposits; water levels; sand, commodity; silica, commodity; radiometric dating; radiocarbon dating; Glacial Lake McConnell; Surficial Data Model; Ancestral Great Slave Lake; Laurentide Ice Sheet; glaciolacustrine sediments; glaciolacustrine offshore sediments; glaciolacustrine deltaic sediments; glaciolacustrine beach sediments; glaciofluvial hummocky sediments; moraine ridges; streamlined tills; ridged tills, moraine; ice-flow directions; glaciolacustrine littoral sediments; lacustrine sediments; Phanerozoic; Cenozoic; Quaternary
Illustrationslocation maps; geoscientific sketch maps; time series
ProgramGEM2: Geo-mapping for Energy and Minerals Mackenzie Corridor, North Bear Surficial Mapping
Released2018 11 01
AbstractThis report provides information on progress for three North Bear activities: (1) reconnaissance surficial geology mapping of the Rivière Grandin area, (2) ongoing compilation of mapped glaciolacustrine features associated with glacial Lake McConnell, and (3) surficial geology mapping and Holocene landscape investigations at Whitebeach Point, Northwest Territories. These activities contribute new geological knowledge and improve our understanding of the distribution and nature of the surficial geology cover and the glacial history of this region.
The Rivière Grandin map area (NTS 86-D; 1:125,000 scale) is characterized by three glacial terrains defined by different surficial sediments. Along and inland from the shores of Hottah Lake in the northeast, glacial Lake McConnell deltas, beaches and offshore sediments occur between 180-350 m elevation. Farther west, terrain near or above 500-600 m elevation is defined by hummocky glaciofluvial sediments, a few moraine ridges, abundant radial meltwater channels, and an absence of ice-flow indicators, which may indicate local cold-based glacial ice regimes. On the eastern edge of the Ortona Lake highlands, rare drumlins trend northwestward, perpendicular to the flutings at lower elevations to the north and south. The remaining and most extensive map areas are generally covered by streamlined till with interspersed minor moraines composed of ridged till. Drumlins, crag-and-tails and drumlinoids record northwestward and southwestward divergent and convergent ice flows. The area north, west, and south of Rome Lake has a greater concentration of ridged till. Late during deglaciation, a minor ice-flow shift occurred in the southwest map area, indicated by small, superimposed streamlined landforms.
Compilation of glaciolacustrine features attributed to glacial Lake McConnell is ongoing. These features are from surficial maps that conform to the Surficial Data Model of the Geological Survey of Canada. To date, two NTS map sheets have been added in 2018 (86-D, L) and 17 NTS map sheets were added in 2017. Continuing compilation will improve knowledge of previous glacial lake limits and the associated surficial geology.
The Whitebeach Point area was previously inundated by glacial Lake McConnell and more recently by ancestral Great Slave Lake. Surficial geology mapping of the area has identified a complex array of deposits, including widespread eolian sand dunes and sheets, beach ridges, and peatlands. The ongoing work will also examine the Holocene lake level history and landscape development of the area, which includes high-grade silica sand deposits.
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
The Rivière Grandin map (NTS 86-D) identifies surficial materials and associated landforms left by the retreat of the last glaciers. The surficial geology is based on aerial photograph interpretation, with limited striations from a previous publication. This work provides new geological knowledge and improves our understanding of the distribution, nature and glacial history of surficial materials. It contributes to resource assessments and effective land use management.

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