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TitleA new type of high pressure system for a Tian-Calvet calorimeter
AuthorJones, D E G; Handa, P; Feng, H
SourceJournal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry vol. 53, 1, 1998 p. 3-10,
Alt SeriesNatural Resources Canada, Contribution Series 20182569
PublisherSpringer Nature
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
AbstractA Tian-Calvet heat flux calorimeter has been modified for use with high pressures in measurements of thermal hazards of materials. The system comprising a specially designed high pressure vessel and an associated manifold is described. With this system, comparative measurements using both standard and high pressure vessels can be made, different materials and/or liners can be used for the high pressure vessel and an assessment of the influence of the gaseous environment on thermal behaviour can be made. Calibration was carried out in the range 25 to 300°C at different pressures and heating rates, using sapphire and the calibration results were verified with benzoic acid, both reference grade materials. With the new vessel, pressures up to about 70 MPa can be used or recorded during the thermal decomposition of energetic materials. The reproducibility of the baseline, as illustrated by standard error results, was about 0.02% compared with 0.13% for the standard vessel, over the entire temperature range. The corresponding results for the baseline of the pressure vessel at 5.5 MPa (in air and Ar) and in a calibration experiment with sapphire were 0.08%. Experimental data obtained for ammonium nitrate and 2,3-dimethyl-2,3-dinitrobutane in the standard and pressure vessels are compared and discussed. The effect of pressure and the nature of the gaseous environment (inert or oxidizing) on the results for these two materials will be described.

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