|Abstract||Wetlands are valuable natural resources that provide many benefits to the environment. Therefore, mapping wetlands is crucially important. Several review papers on remote sensing (RS) of wetlands have
been published thus far. However, there is no recent review paper that contains an inclusive description of the importance of wetlands, the urgent need for wetland classification, along with a thorough explanation of the existing methods for wetland
mapping using RS methods. This paper attempts to provide readers with an exhaustive review regarding different aspects of wetland studies. First, the readers are acquainted with the characteristics, importance, and challenges of wetlands. Then,
various RS approaches for wetland classification are discussed, along with their advantages and disadvantages. These approaches include wetland classification using aerial, multispectral, synthetic aperture radar (SAR), and several other data sets.
Different pixel-based and object-based algorithms for wetland classification are also explored in this study. The most important conclusions drawn from the literature are that the red edge and near-infrared bands are the best optical bands for
wetland delineation. In terms of SAR imagery, large incidence angles, short wavelengths, and horizontal transmission and vertical reception polarization are best for detecting of herbaceous wetlands, while small incidence angles, long wavelengths,
and horizontal transmission and reception polarization are appropriate for mapping forested wetlands. © 2017, © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.|