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TitleDynamics of surface albedo of a boreal forest and its simulation
AuthorWang, SORCID logo
SourceEcological Modelling vol. 183, no. 4, 2005 p. 477-494,
Alt SeriesNatural Resources Canada, Contribution Series 20181709
PublisherElsevier BV
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
Subjectsgeophysics; remote sensing
ProgramCanada Centre for Remote Sensing Divsion
AbstractSurface albedo determines the distribution of solar radiation between the earth's surface and the atmosphere. It affects the global climate directly by altering surface energy balance, and indirectly by controlling ecosystem processes and greenhouse gas exchange. In this study, a land surface albedo model was constructed based on the gap probability approach for ray tracing and the basic optical parameters of ecosystem elements. The model was applied to a boreal deciduous forest and results were compared with field measurements. Results show that seasonal and diurnal albedo dynamics were well simulated by the model. The standard deviation between the simulated and measured reflected radiation was 2.5-5.0 W m-2 in different seasons. The model also provided an insight into the relationships between surface albedo and radiation components (direct versus diffuse), solar zenith angle, and different wave bands. Model sensitivity analyses show that the surface albedo in winter is very sensitive to the forest wood area index for this boreal aspen forest, suggesting that accurate estimates of wood area index are necessary to improve the accuracy of surface albedo simulation in leafless seasons.

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