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TitleBiomass measurements and relationships with Landsat-7/ETM + and JERS-1/SAR data over Canada's western sub-arctic and low arctic
AuthorChen, WORCID logo; Blain, D; Li, J; Keohler, K; Fraser, RORCID logo; Zhang, YORCID logo; Leblanc, SORCID logo; Olthof, I; Wang, J; Mcgovern, M
SourceInternational Journal of Remote Sensing vol. 30, no. 9, 2009 p. 2355-2376,
Alt SeriesNatural Resources Canada, Contribution Series 20181426
PublisherInforma UK Limited
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
Subjectsgeophysics; remote sensing
ProgramClimate Change Geoscience
Released2009 06 10
AbstractInformation on biomass distribution is needed to estimate GHG emissions and removals from land use changes in Canada's north for UNFCCC reporting. This paper reports aboveground biomass measurements along the Dempster Highway transect in 2004, and around Yellowknife and the Lupin Gold Mine in 2005. The measured aboveground biomass ranges are 10-100 t ha-1 for woodlands, 1-100 t ha-1 for shrub sites, and 0.5-10 t ha-1 for grass/herbs sites. The root mean squared error (RMSE) of measurements is 21%, and the median absolute percentage error (MedAPE) is 14%. The combination of JERS backscatter and Landsat TM4/TM5 gives the best biomass equation for the Dempster Highway transect, with r2=0.72 when using a one-step approach (i.e. using all points) and 0.78 when using a two-step approach (i.e. stratifying data into three classes: grass, shrub, and woodlands). The two-step approach reduces the MedAPE from 53% to 33%. The validation against Yellowknife & Lupin data indicates that the equations have good transferability. The improvement of two-step approach over the one-step approach, however, is not significant for the validation dataset, suggesting that the one-step approach is as good as the two-step approach when applied over areas outside where the equations are developed. The relationships and error analysis of this study, as well as the final estimate of GHG emission/ removal over Canada's north have been incorporated into Canada's 2006 UNFCCC report.

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