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TitleForecasting snowmelt-induced flooding using GRACE satellite data: a case study for the Red River watershed
AuthorWang, S; Russell, H A J
SourceCanadian Journal of Remote Sensing vol. 42, issue 3, 2016 p. 203-213, https://doi.org/10.1080/07038992.2016.1171134
Year2016
Alt SeriesNatural Resources Canada, Contribution Series 20150272
PublisherInforma UK Limited
Documentserial
Lang.English
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf (Adobe® Reader®); html
ProgramAquifer Assessment & support to mapping, Groundwater Geoscience
Released2016 03 30
AbstractFlood forecasting of the spring freshet for cold-region watersheds where the discharge is predominately governed by snowpack accumulation and melting remains a challenge. A cold-region flood forecasting model is developed, using data from the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellite mission. The model forecasts flood by simulating peak surface runoff from snowmelt and the corresponding baseflow from groundwater discharge. Surface runoff is predicted from snowmelt, using a temperature index model. Baseflow is predicted, using a first order differential equation model. Streamflow measurement is used for model calibration. The model was applied to the Red River watershed, a USAÐCanada transboundary basin located in central North America. The predicted flood compares well with the observed values at a downstream hydrometric station (r = 0.95). The result also reveals a 2-week hysteresis between the maximum snowmelt and the peak streamflow observed at the station. The model is relatively simple and needs only GRACE and temperature inputs for flood forecasting. It can be readily applied to other cold-region basins after simple calibration and could be particularly useful in regions with minimal data. For potential flood warning, the model also has the advantage of a much longer lead time than most traditional flood forecasting approaches.
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
Flood forecasting of the spring freshet for cold-region watersheds remains a challenge. A cold-region flood forecasting model is developed based on the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellite mission. The model was applied to the Red River watershed, a USA-Canada transboundary basin located in central North America. The predicted flood compares very well with the observed values at a downstream hydrometric station (r=0.95). The result also reveals a two-week time for the snowmelt water to reach Winnipeg. The model can be readily applied to other cold-region basins after simple calibration, and could be particularly useful in regions with minimal data.
GEOSCAN ID310865