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TitleSurficial geology and features of the inner shelf of eastern shore, offshore Nova Scotia
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AuthorKing, E L
SourceGeological Survey of Canada, Open File 8375, 2018, 41 pages (1 sheet), https://doi.org/10.4095/308454
Year2018
PublisherNatural Resources Canada
Documentopen file
Lang.English
MapsPublication contains 1 map
Map Info.surficial geology, sediments, landforms, features, 1:160,000
ProjectionUniversal Transverse Mercator Projection, UTM zone 20 (NAD83)
Mediaon-line; digital
File formatpdf
ProvinceEastern offshore region; Nova Scotia
NTS11D/06; 11D/07; 11D/08; 11D/09; 11D/10; 11D/11; 11D/14; 11D/15; 11D/16
AreaEastern Shore; Clam Bay; Moosehead
Lat/Long WENS -63.0833 -62.2333 45.0000 44.4000
Subjectsmarine geology; surficial geology/geomorphology; geophysics; stratigraphy; sedimentology; engineering geology; economic geology; environmental geology; continental margins; continental shelf; seafloor topography; bathymetry; sedimentary structures; geophysical surveys; acoustic surveys, marine; side-scan sonar; seismic surveys, marine; seismic reflection surveys; bedrock geology; lithology; metamorphic rocks; metasedimentary rocks; slates; submarine features; submarine ridges; submarine troughs; basins; marine sediments; postglacial deposits; muds; glacial history; glaciation; deglaciation; sea level changes; transgressions; glacial deposits; glacial features; glacial landforms; glacial erosion; channels; ice flow; glacial striations; drumlins; moraines; moraine, end; moraine, de geer; moraine, ribbed; tills; glaciomarine deposits; lag deposits; sands; gravels; boulders; marine environments; estuaries; grab samples; core samples; photography; grain size analyses; depositional environment; unconformities; stratigraphic correlations; pockmarks; icebergs; scour marks; mineral deposits; mineral potential; placer deposits, marine; gold; aggregates; marine organisms; benthos; structural features; faults; joints; folds; anticlines; synclines; Scotian Shelf; Caledonia Glacial Phase; Fundy Stade; Escuminac Glacial Phase; Scotian Glacial Phase; Chignecto Glacial Phase; Halifax Moraine; Eastern Shore Moraine; Emerald Silt; Meguma Supergroup; Goldenville Group; LaHave Clay; Sable Island Sand And Gravel; Sambro Sand; Scotian Shelf Drift; geological mapping; metasandstones; multibeam bathymetry; archival datasets; LiDAR imagery; cobbles; shaded relief imagery; hillshade imagery; videorecordings; ice-flow directions; infrastructures; Phanerozoic; Cenozoic; Quaternary; Paleozoic
Illustrationslocation maps; geoscientific sketch maps; tables; seismic profiles; profiles; stratigraphic correlations; bar graphs; photographs
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Location
 
Natural Resources Canada Library - Ottawa (Earth Sciences)
 
ProgramGeoscience for New Energy Supply (GNES) - Program Corrdination, Geoscience for New Energy Supply (GNES)
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Released2018 08 09
AbstractThe report describes the Quaternary geology across the inner continental shelf of the Eastern Shore of Nova Scotia, stretching about 70 km from Clam Bay to Moosehead and from the coast to about 40 km offshore. A surficial geology map was constructed from a mosaic of seabed topography images from water depth soundings gridded at spatial resolutions ranging from high (5 m) to low (500 m), supplemented with a sparse network of acoustic geophysical transects and limited sample data. The coast and inner shelf morphology, to about 120 m water depth, is primarily governed by bedrock and has a far more rugged topography than the offshore. Hard meta-sedimentary rocks comprising slates and meta-sandstones of the Lower Paleozoic age Meguma Supergroup present bedding and cleavage at the seabed which impart a rough ridge and trough morphology trending parallel to the coast. The glacial depositional and erosional imprint is strong in the area; numerous broad fjord-like channels oriented normal to the coastline cut deep into bedrock and were largely mud-filled during deglaciation. Different ice flow phases are recognized from striae, drumlins and moraines. Bedrock is locally covered by ground moraine, drumlins and moraines or their erosional remnants. Outcrops with little sediment cover dominate the seabed from 70 m water depth to the headlands except where the broad channels and shallow basins developed a sand and gravel lag during the sea-level transgression. The precise low-stand of sea-level on this part of the inner shelf is not clear but has been reported as >-50 m (Forbes et al. 1991) immediately east of Halifax, and -65 to -70 m (Stea et.al. 1992b, 1994, 1995). Based on near-complete littoral washing of sediments from the bedrock surface as represented in the multibeam bathymetric images, a -70 m elevation is suggested but the shallower low-stand allows for greater sub-littoral wave-erosion action and is likely no less valid. Post-glacial marine mud, largely derived from the reworking of glacigenic sediments during transgression, dominates the offshore, below about 120 m and in harbours and near-shore basins that are relatively sheltered from storm action.
Glacial reconstruction was largely established before this mapping exercise but the improved characterization of features and spatial patterns contributes further detail. Regional ice flow phases established are successfully correlated to the offshore. All but the latest (Chignecto) phase are represented by one or several glacial elements including deep mud-filled bedrock channels, drumlin, moraine and striae. There is no clear pattern as to which flow phases preferentially create or preserve glacial features. The last offshore imprint was during the Scotian Phase, nearly normal to the coastline. If a later glacial phase extended into the offshore, its margin was likely farther east.
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
The inner continental shelf of Eastern Shore of Nova Scotia is presently under consideration for a Marine Protected Area status. This report contributes to the scientific assessment requirements of Fisheries and Oceans Canada.
GEOSCAN ID308454