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TitleMeasuring, monitoring and verifying of geological carbon storage / Mesure, suivi et vérification de la séquestration géologique du carbone
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LicencePlease note the adoption of the Open Government Licence - Canada supersedes any previous licences.
AuthorWhite, DORCID logo
SourcePublic presentations of May 8th, 2018: Environmental Geoscience Program, current status of research projects, May 2018; by Jacob, N; Kao, HORCID logo; Galloway, JORCID logo; Parsons, MORCID logo; White, DORCID logo; Larmagnat, S; Rivard, CORCID logo; Gammon, P; Savard, M MORCID logo; Geological Survey of Canada, Scientific Presentation 88, 2018 p. 59-78, Open Access logo Open Access
PublisherNatural Resources Canada
Mediaon-line; digital
RelatedThis publication is contained in Public presentations of May 8th, 2018: Environmental Geoscience Program, current status of research projects, May 2018
File formatpdf
Lat/Long WENS-103.1333 -103.0333 49.1333 49.0333
Subjectsenvironmental geology; geophysics; Nature and Environment; environmental studies; environmental impacts; carbon dioxide; climate effects; seismicity; seismic risk; earthquake risk; seismology; sedimentary basins; bedrock geology; lithology; sedimentary rocks; evaporites; salt; shales; red beds; reservoir rocks; traps; wells; observation wells; geophysical surveys; seismic surveys; modelling; greenhouse gas emissions; Environmental hazards; monitoring; Methodology; Phanerozoic; Paleozoic; Ordovician; Cambrian; Precambrian
Illustrationsblock diagrams; location maps; photographs; 3-D models; seismic images; bar graphs; spectra; plots
ProgramEnvironmental Geoscience Management
Released2018 06 27; 2018 07 04
AbstractCarbon capture and storage (CCS) has been identified as a priority issue within the context of the North American Climate Change and Energy Collaboration and Mission Innovation. An important aspect of CCS is the need to improve public confidence in long-term geological storage of CO2. A key to developing confidence for the longer term is a demonstration of safe and expected storage behaviour in the short term. Two primary concerns of the public and government regulatory bodies are the potential for induced seismicity and for CO2 leakage. To alleviate these concerns, storage monitoring is critical in demonstrating that the subsurface CO2 plume is behaving as expected, and that induced microseismic or seismic activity is being closely monitored. The Aquistore CO2 Storage Project is a multi-year research and monitoring project to demonstrate that storing CO2 deep underground is a safe and workable solution to help reduce greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere. The Geological Survey of Canada's studies within the project are focused on the development of improved monitoring methodologies and a better understanding of the relationship between CO2 injection and induced seismicity.
A total of ~160 ktonnes of CO2 were injected at the Aquistore site from April-2015 to May-2018. Injection is occurring within a saline formation at a depth of 3150?3350 m. In the first 4 months of 2016, CO2 was injected at an average rate of ~400 tonnes/day. Passive seismic monitoring at the site which began in 2012 has not identified any seismicity associated with the injection process. The first time-lapse 3D seismic surveys were conducted in February and November of 2016 when the cumulative injected quantity of CO2 was 36 ktonnes and 105 ktonnes, respectively. The latest 3D survey occurred in March?2018 with 135 ktonnes injected. The resultant time-lapse seismic images show how the CO2 plume is partitioned vertically within the reservoir and how it is spreading laterally. The seismic observations indicate that the initial geological model used for CO2 flow simulations will have to be modified.
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
The Environmental Geoscience Program (EGP) provides scientific research projects by the Geological Survey of Canada to advance knowledge related to the development of Canada's natural resources. The scientific breakthroughs presented at this annual meeting of the EGP are at the root of responsible resource management by the natural resources sector. The body of research also contributes to the implementation of regulations that protect Canadians and their environment

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