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TitleIntroduction to the geology, physiography, and glacial history of the Canadian Cordillera in British Columbia and Yukon
AuthorHickin, A S; Ward, B C; Plouffe, AORCID logo; Nelson, J
SourceIndicator minerals in till and stream sediments of the Canadian Cordillera; by Ferbey, T (ed.); Plouffe, AORCID logo (ed.); Hickin, A S (ed.); Geological Association of Canada, Special Paper vol. 50, 2017 p. 1-25
Alt SeriesNatural Resources Canada, Contribution Series 20180024
Alt SeriesMineralogical Association of Canada, Topics in Mineral Sciences 47
PublisherGeological Association of Canada
PublisherMineralogical Association of Canada
RelatedThis publication is contained in Indicator minerals in till and stream sediments of the Canadian Cordillera
ProvinceBritish Columbia; Yukon
NTS82; 83; 84; 85; 92; 93; 94; 95; 96; 102; 103; 104; 105; 106; 107; 114; 115; 116; 117
Lat/Long WENS-141.0000 -113.5000 70.0000 48.0000
Subjectseconomic geology; regional geology; surficial geology/geomorphology; mineral deposits; mineral exploration; prospecting techniques; drift prospecting; porphyry deposits; vein deposits; stockworks; skarn deposits; syngenetic deposits; epigenetic deposits; copper; gold; molybdenum; nickel; silver; iron; zinc; lead; iron oxides; physiography; geological history; tectonic history; terranes; craton; paleogeography; glacial history; glaciation; deglaciation; sediment transport; sediment dispersal; glacial deposits; tills; bedrock geology; structural features; faults; sedimentary basins; Canadian Cordillera; Insular Belt; Coast Belt; Intermontane Belt; Omineca Belt; Foreland Belt; Ancestral North America; Yakutat Terrane; Chugach Terrane; Pacific Rim Terrane; Crescent Terrane; Wrangellia Terrane; Alexander Terrane; Kluane Terrane; Windy Terrane; Coast Terrane; Bridge River Terrane; Cache Creek Terrane; Cadwallader Terrane; Chilliwack Terrane; Harrison Terrane; Methow Terrane; Okanagan Terrane; Stikinia Terrane; Quesnellia Terrane; Yukon-Tanana Terrane; Slide Mountain Terrane; Cassiar Terrane; Arctic Alaska Terrane; Gondwana; Pangea; Panthalassa; Laurentia; Laurasia; Bowser Basin; Cordilleran Ice Sheet; Laurentide Ice Sheet; McConnell Glaciation; Reid Glaciation; Last Glacial Maximum; ice-flow directions; platinum group elements; Phanerozoic; Cenozoic; Mesozoic; Paleozoic
Illustrationsgeoscientific sketch maps; cross-sections; tables; geological time charts; profiles; block diagrams
ProgramTargeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI-5) Porphyry systems
Released2017 01 01
AbstractThe Canadian Cordillera hosts a variety of mineral deposits that reflect a protracted and complex geological history. Combining physiography and geological heritage, the Canadian Cordillera is commonly described in terms of five morphogeological belts (from west to east): Insular, Coast, Intermontane, Omineca, and Foreland. Within these belts are a number of exotic and pericratonic terranes that were accreted to the margin of Ancestral North America. Several times during the Quaternary, the Canadian Cordillera was covered by continental ice masses referred to as the Cordilleran Ice Sheet. As ice sheets formed and flowed, they altered the landscape and deposited diverse sediments. The evolution of the ice sheets commonly resulted in a range of ice-flow directions at any given location, a critical consideration for mineral explorers. Armed with an understanding of surface processes and an appreciation of the growth, decay and flow histories of Pleistocene glaciers, geochemical and mineralogical anomalies detected in stream, lake, and glaciogenic sediments can be effectively traced back to bedrock sources, thus enhancing the potential for new mineral discoveries.

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