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TitleDownscaling SMOS/SMAP soil moisture product using high resolution Radarsat-2 SAR data: a case study in southern Ontario
DownloadDownload (whole publication)
LicencePlease note the adoption of the Open Government Licence - Canada supersedes any previous licences.
AuthorLi, J; Wang, SORCID logo
SourceRegional-scale groundwater geoscience in southern Ontario: an Ontario Geological Survey, Geological Survey of Canada, and Conservation Ontario geoscientists open house; by Russell, H A JORCID logo; Ford, D; Priebe, E H; Holysh, S; Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 8363, 2018 p. 23, Open Access logo Open Access
PublisherNatural Resources Canada
MeetingRegional-Scale Groundwater Geoscience in Southern Ontario: Open House; Guelph; CA; February 28 - March 1, 2018
Documentopen file
Mediaon-line; digital
RelatedThis publication is contained in Regional-scale groundwater geoscience in southern Ontario: an Ontario Geological Survey, Geological Survey of Canada, and Conservation Ontario geoscientists open house
File formatpdf
NTS30; 31C; 31D; 40; 41A; 41G; 41H/03; 41H/04; 41H/05; 41H/06; 41H/12; 41H/13
AreaSouthern Ontario
Lat/Long WENS -84.0000 -76.0000 46.0000 41.5000
Subjectssoils science; geophysics; soils; soil moisture; remote sensing; satellite imagery; radar methods; hydrologic environment; vegetation; climate; models
ProgramGroundwater Geoscience Aquifer Assessment & support to mapping
Released2018 02 16
AbstractCurrent soil moisture products derived from SMOS and SMAP satellites have very coarse resolutions (~40km). This limits the soil moisture products for applications where a resolution of 1-10 km is generally needed (e.g. hydro-climatological applications). To obtain high resolution soil moisture, an algorithm was developed to downscale SMOS/SMAP products by using multi-temporal dual-polarized (HH and HV) C-band SAR images. Recently the use of full-polarized (FP) SAR data was reported to improve soil moisture retrieval even under dense vegetation canopy, but FP SAR data has the disadvantage of narrow swath, which limits its applications for soil moisture estimates over large areas. With the Radarsat Constellation Mission (RCM) becoming operational in 2018, it will provide compact polarimetric (CP) configurations that has a wider swath and hence is a possible alterative to the FP data. A new downscaling algorithm has been developed to improve soil moisture retrieval by using RCM-CP data, which is simulated from the Radarsat-2 FP imagery. Comparing to previous algorithm, the new algorithm can enhance the removal of vegetation effect by using a normalized scattering based empirical model, in which the conditions of vegetation are characterized by the RCM-CP derived vegetation parameter. In addition, a new mathematical model, rather than complicate wavelet transform, is used to better account for scale change. The new algorithm is validated with in-situ soil moisture data from Southern Ontario collected in the summer of 2017. When compared to results obtained from a previous algorithm there is a promising improvement in soil moisture estimation. Since the RCM will provide a short revisit time (<4 days), this study demonstrates the potential for fusing RCM data with SMOS/SMAP soil moisture (2-3 days repeat cycle) to continuously map soil moisture at higher resolutions over large areas, even under dense vegetation.
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
Proceedings for a workshop in Guelph Ontario as part of the program S&T exchange. Abstracts have been contributed by Ontario Geological Survey, Ministry of Environment and Climate Change, Conservation Authorities, Universities, private sector, and Unites States Geological Survey.

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