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TitleA fully integrated groundwater-surface-water modelling platform for southern Ontario
DownloadDownload (whole publication)
AuthorFrey, S; Berg, S; Sudicky, E; Russell, H; Lapen, D
SourceRegional-scale groundwater geoscience in southern Ontario: an Ontario Geological Survey, Geological Survey of Canada, and Conservation Ontario geoscientists open house; by Russell, H A J; Ford, D; Priebe, E H; Holysh, S; Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 8363, 2018 p. 16, https://doi.org/10.4095/306520
Year2018
PublisherNatural Resources Canada
MeetingRegional-Scale Groundwater Geoscience in Southern Ontario: Open House; Guelph; CA; February 28 - March 1, 2018
Documentopen file
Lang.English
Mediaon-line; digital
RelatedThis publication is contained in Russell, H A J; Ford, D; Priebe, E H; Holysh, S; (2018). Regional-scale groundwater geoscience in southern Ontario: an Ontario Geological Survey, Geological Survey of Canada, and Conservation Ontario geoscientists open house, Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 8363
File formatpdf
ProvinceOntario
NTS30; 31B; 31C; 31D; 31E; 31G; 40; 41A; 41G; 41H/03; 41H/04; 41H/05; 41H/06; 41H/12; 41H/13
AreaSouthern Ontario; Eastern Ontario; Great Lakes
Lat/Long WENS -84.0000 -74.0000 46.0000 41.5000
Subjectshydrogeology; surficial geology/geomorphology; geochemistry; regional geology; environmental geology; groundwater; modelling; groundwater resources; groundwater regimes; groundwater movement; aquifers; surface waters; sedimentary basins; flow regimes; transport mechanisms; pollutants; bedrock geology; sediments; soils; hydrologic environment; climate; HydroGeoSphere; groundwater-surface water interaction; source water protection; risk management; 3D modelling; land cover; hydrometric monitoring; climate change; population; agriculture; nutrients; waste water; Phanerozoic; Cenozoic; Quaternary; Paleozoic; Silurian
Viewing
Location
 
Natural Resources Canada Library - Ottawa (Earth Sciences)
 
ProgramAquifer Assessment & support to mapping, Groundwater Geoscience
Released2018 02 16
AbstractEncompassing a land area of approximately 80,000 km2, the sedimentary basin that lies within Southern Ontario, holds groundwater and surface water resources crucial to both the sustainability and the future development of this nationally important economic and agricultural region. While future water resource availability within Southern Ontario is of obvious concern, both the groundwater and surface water flow systems act as transport pathways for a suite of potential contaminants sourced from waste water treatment plants, industry, and agriculture to reach the Great Lakes. It is also widely recognized that the Great Lakes are under stress, and are now the focal point of numerous provincial, national, and international initiatives to promote surface water quality. These types of water resources challenges are not unique to Ontario, and world-wide there is a growing need to utilize 'big data' and advanced technology to help quantify and understand the risks faced by our global water resources. In this context, efforts underway in Southern Ontario are leading to the development of a globally 'best-in-class' water resources characterization, quantification, and risk management modelling platform.
The Southern Ontario model is currently being constructed with the HydroGeoSphere (HGS) platform, a 3D fully integrated groundwater - surface-water (GW-SW) flow and transport simulator. When completed, the model will incorporate several million computational nodes in a high-resolution 3D unstructured finite element mesh, and will facilitate dynamic representation of GW-SW interactions with daily temporal resolution. Development of a model of this scale and complexity is facilitated by ongoing advances in numerical methods, and by the increasing availability of detailed geological, hydrological and land surface datasets that are required when simulating such an expansive model domain. In particular, the recent development of a 60 layer bedrock lithostratigraphic model for Southern Ontario, and the contiguous quaternary hydrostratigraphic data, have made the task of characterizing the subsurface component of the model manageable. When combined with existing highly detailed soils, land cover, and hydrology data, as well as data from the Province's network of surface water and groundwater hydrometric monitoring stations, the hydrostratigraphic data will support an unprecedented level of detail within such a large, regional-scale integrated model. We will present the physical framework of the 3D Southern Ontario HGS model, the principle data sets that are being employed, and the development progress to-date.
It is anticipated that this proof-of-concept modelling platform will serve a strategic array of objectives, including the provision of regional boundary conditions for local scale models, and assessments of: Climate change impacts on surface water and groundwater resources; Surface water and groundwater stresses induced by population growth; Impact of large-scale water extraction on regional flow systems; Cumulative impact of agricultural nutrient and WWTP effluent on Great Lake water quality.
GEOSCAN ID306520