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TitleTrace element composition of iron oxides from IOCG and IOA deposits: relationship to hydrothermal alteration and deposit subtypes
AuthorHuang, X -W; Boutroy, E; Makvandi, S; Beaudoin, G; Corriveau, LORCID logo; De Toni, A F
SourceMineralium Deposita 2018 p. 1-28, Open Access logo Open Access
Alt SeriesNatural Resources Canada, Contribution Series 20170329
PublisherSpringer Nature
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf; html
Subjectseconomic geology; geochemistry; mathematical and computational geology; mineral deposits; iron oxides; copper; gold; apatite; porphyry deposits; volcanogenic deposits; sulphide deposits; ore mineral genesis; ore controls; mineralization; hydrothermal alteration; trace element analyses; major element analyses; statistical analyses; discriminant analyses; temperature; magnetite; hematite; mass spectrometer analysis; spectrometric analyses; electron probe analyses; petrographic analyses; oxygen geochemistry; precipitation; host rocks
Illustrationsgeoscientific sketch maps; photomicrographs; geochemical plots; plots; bar graphs
ProgramTargeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI-5) Uranium systems
Released2018 07 17
AbstractTrace element compositions of magnetite and hematite from 16 well-studied iron oxide-copper-gold (IOCG) and iron oxide apatite (IOA) deposits, combined with partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), were used to investigate the factors controlling the iron oxide chemistry and the links between the chemical composition of iron oxides and hydrothermal processes, as divided by alteration types and IOCG and IOA deposit subtypes. Chemical compositions of iron oxides are controlled by oxygen fugacity, temperature, co-precipitating sulfides, and host rocks. Iron oxides from hematite IOCG deposits show relatively high Nb, Cu, Mo, W, and Sn contents, and can be discriminated from those from magnetite + hematite and magnetite IOA deposits. Magnetite IOCG deposits show a compositional diversity and overlap with the three other types, which may be due to the incremental development of high-temperature Ca-Fe and K-Fe alteration. Iron oxides from the high-temperature Ca-Fe alteration can be discriminated from those from high- and low-temperature K-Fe alteration by higher Mg and V contents. Iron oxides from low-temperature K-Fe alteration can be discriminated from those from high-temperature K-Fe alteration by higher Si, Ca, Zr, W, Nb, and Mo contents. Iron oxides from IOA deposits can be discriminated from those from IOCG deposits by higher Mg, Ti, V, Pb, and Sc contents. The composition of IOCG and IOA iron oxides can be discriminated from those from porphyry Cu, Ni-Cu, and volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits.
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
This research from Laval University to which the Geological Survey of Canada collaborates aims to establish relationships between trace element chemistry of magnetite and host alteration types and deposit subtypes to develop discrimination diagrams for mineral exploration and process studies. The research optimises results from the Uranium systems project of the Targeted Geoscience Initiative.

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