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TitleReport of activities for the 2017 GEM-2 Hudson Bay-Ungava Project: stratigraphy, source rock and RADARSAT-2 research, Nunavut, Manitoba, and Ontario
LicencePlease note the adoption of the Open Government Licence - Canada supersedes any previous licences.
AuthorLavoie, DORCID logo; Nicolas, M P B; Armstrong, D; Ardakani, O HORCID logo; Jiang, C; Reyes, JORCID logo; Dhillon, R S; Savard, M MORCID logo; Pinet, N; Brake, V I; Duchesne, M JORCID logo; Beauchemin, M; Tolszczuk-Leclerc, S
SourceGeological Survey of Canada, Open File 8319, 2017, 18 pages, Open Access logo Open Access
PublisherNatural Resources Canada
Documentopen file
Mediaon-line; digital
RelatedThis publication is related to the following publications
File formatpdf
ProvinceOntario; Manitoba; Nunavut
NTS25N; 32M; 33D; 33E; 33L; 33M; 33N; 34C; 34F; 34K; 34L; 34M; 34N; 35C; 35D; 35E; 35F; 35K; 35M; 35N; 42I; 42J; 42K; 42L; 42M; 42N; 42O; 42P; 43; 53H; 53I; 53J; 53K; 53N; 53O; 53P; 54A; 54B; 54C; 54F; 54K
AreaHudson Bay; James Bay; Hudson Strait; Foxe Basin
Lat/Long WENS -96.0000 -63.0000 66.0000 48.0000
Subjectsfossil fuels; stratigraphy; geochemistry; geophysics; paleontology; hydrocarbons; hydrocarbon potential; bedrock geology; lithology; sedimentary rocks; carbonates; shales; limestones; reefs; sedimentary basins; oil; stratigraphic analyses; petroleum resources; petroleum exploration; petroleum occurrence; source rocks; reservoir rocks; hydrography; stratigraphic correlations; cores; wells; lithostratigraphy; geophysical logging; biostratigraphy; isotopic studies; carbon isotopes; oxygen isotopes; organic geochemistry; pyrolysis; thermal maturation; fission tracks; apatite; modelling; fluid inclusions; mass spectrometer analysis; geological history; thermal history; temperature; remote sensing; satellite imagery; oil slicks; Hudson Platform; Hudson Bay Basin; Foxe Basin; Moose River Basin; RADARSAT-2; Moose River Formation; Kwataboahegan Formation; Stooping River Formation; Kenogami River Formation; Attawapiskat Formation; Ekwan River Formation; Severn River Formation; Red Head Rapids Formation; Churchill River Group; Chasm Creek Formation; Caution Creek Formation; Bad Cache Rapids Group; Surprise Creek Formation; Portage Chute Formation; Phanerozoic; Mesozoic; Cretaceous; Paleozoic; Devonian; Silurian; Ordovician; Precambrian
Illustrationslocation maps; geoscientific sketch maps; stratigraphic charts; tables; cross-plots; histograms; photographs; satellite images
ProgramGEM2: Geo-mapping for Energy and Minerals Hudson/Ungava Hydrocarbon source rocks
Released2017 10 24
The Arctic is the last area with significant conventional hydrocarbon potential to be explored. A report by the United States Geological Survey indicates reserves of over 90 billion barrels of oil, 44 billion barrels of natural gas liquids and 1670 trillion cubic feet of natural gas (Bird et al., 2008), with a significant portion of these reserves located in the Canadian Arctic.
The Hudson Bay Basin is one of these under explored sedimentary basins in the Canadian Arctic. This basin is the largest intracratonic basin in North America and, unlike other similar basins in North America (Michigan, Illinois, Williston basins) which are world-class hydrocarbon producers, only ten exploration wells have been drilled in the Hudson Bay Basin (5 onshore and 5 offshore) between 1960s to early 1980s, with no commercial discovery. As part of the initial phase of the Geoscience for Energy and Minerals (GEM) program, a re-evaluation of historical exploration data and strategic acquisition of new hydrocarbon system data led to the conclusion that most of the key elements for a petroleum system are present in the Hudson Bay Basin, suggesting that its hydrocarbon potential has been under evaluated (Lavoie et al., 2013, 2015).
The Hudson Bay - Ungava project of the second phase of the GEM program aims to provide new information and models for the evolution of the Hudson Bay Basin which will serve as the cornerstone for a modern appraisal of the hydrocarbon prospectivity of the largest sedimentary basin in Canada (Fig. 1 and 2).
This report presents a summary of all laboratory works carried out in 4 activities currently in progress or phasing out for the energy component of the GEM-2 Hudson-Ungava project; stratigraphy, source and reservoir rocks, hydrographic survey and RADARSAT-2 research.
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
The 2016 activities for the hydrocarbon component of the GEM-2 Hudson Bay - Ungava project focussed on completing thematic research (stratigraphy) or pursing other activities (source rock, RADARSAT). An integrated Ontario - Manitoba stratigraphic framework is proposed as the cornerstone for a regional framework. Geochemical characterization of oil produced from the artificial maturation of source rock is in progress with the results to be compared with any future oil collected. The study of pore space in Ordovician reefs indicate early alteration from hydrothermal fluids that generated significant secondary porosity to be locally later filled by hydrocarbons. A new research tool for understanding the thermal history for carbonates is being developed at GSC-Quebec, the first Canadian laboratory on clumped isotopes is now in operation. Unfortunately, a hydrographic survey designed to map the seafloor in search of hydrocarbon venting sites (pockmarks) over areas with potential oil slicks suggested by RADARSAT imagery had to be canceled and postponed because of ship mechanical issues.

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