|Title||Habitat mapping towards an ecosystem approach in marine spatial planning|
|Download||Download (whole publication) |
|Author||Schiele, K S; Darr, A; Pesch, R; Schuchardt, B; Kuhmann, C|
|Source||Program and abstracts: 2017 GeoHab Conference, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada; by Todd, B J; Brown, C J; Lacharité, M; Gazzola, V; McCormack, E; Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 8295, 2017 p. 107,
https://doi.org/10.4095/305926 (Open Access)|
|Publisher||Natural Resources Canada|
|Meeting||2017 GeoHab: Marine Geological and Biological Habitat Mapping; Dartmouth, NS; CA; May 1-4, 2017|
|Related||This publication is contained in Todd, B J; Brown, C J;
Lacharité, M; Gazzola, V; McCormack, E; (2017). Program and abstracts: 2017 GeoHab Conference, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada, Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 8295|
|Subjects||marine geology; surficial geology/geomorphology; environmental geology; geophysics; mapping techniques; oceanography; marine environments; coastal studies; conservation; marine organisms; marine
ecology; resource management; biological communities; environmental studies; ecosystems; planning; benthos; biotopes; geological mapping; geological mapping techniques; biology; habitat mapping; habitat conservation; habitat management; marine
protected areas; decision making; marine spatial planning|
|Program||Offshore Geoscience, Ocean Management Geoscience|
|Released||2017 09 26|
|Abstract||Marine spatial planning (MSP) coordinates human activities at sea to avoid spatial conflict and to identify suitable space for these activities. Successful planning requires the best available data to
base decision upon. Nevertheless, marine plans have been prepared without e.g. high resolution habitat or biotope maps being available for the planning area. |
As the ecosystem approach has been widely adopted as an overarching principle of MSP,
mapping of benthic biotopes has become even more relevant to identify areas of importance for nature conservation.
Our study provides a scientific basis for an ecosystem approach in MSP by 1) developing biotope maps, 2) identifying relevant
areas/ spatial claims for nature conservation and 3) considering trans-national issues. We present work from the Baltic Sea and the North Sea focusing on offshore waters.
The maps illustrate the distribution of benthic species, habitats and
biotopes according to different levels in the regional classification systems (EUNIS or HELCOM Underwater Biotope classification system). Regional applicability and comparability of classification systems is of special relevance e.g. to identify
stepping stones in biotope networks that extend to the waters of neighboring countries.
Areas where protected species and biotopes occur are evaluated in terms of ecological importance (hot-spot for the species, size, and ecological condition).
The most important areas are identified as spatial claims for nature conservation. While a broad overlap of these areas with already designated MPAs confirm their relevance, additional areas outside the borders of MPAs were identified. This finding
highlights the importance of MSP for nature conservation.
Based on current research we provide scientific information translated into spatial claims for nature conservation to be considered in an integrated ocean management. Planners and decision
makers are enabled to make more informed choices and thus reaching better decisions.