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TitleEffects of projected climate change induced changes in wind patterns on the spatial distribution of blue mussels
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AuthorKurvinen, L; Sahla, M; Virtanen, E; Westerbom, M; Ekebom, J
SourceProgram and abstracts: 2017 GeoHab Conference, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada; by Todd, B J; Brown, C J; Lacharité, M; Gazzola, V; McCormack, E; Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 8295, 2017 p. 70, https://doi.org/10.4095/305878 (Open Access)
LinksGeoHab 2017
Year2017
PublisherNatural Resources Canada
Meeting2017 GeoHab: Marine Geological and Biological Habitat Mapping; Dartmouth, NS; CA; May 1-4, 2017
Documentopen file
Lang.English
Mediaon-line; digital
RelatedThis publication is contained in Todd, B J; Brown, C J; Lacharité, M; Gazzola, V; McCormack, E; (2017). Program and abstracts: 2017 GeoHab Conference, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada, Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 8295
File formatpdf
AreaBaltic Sea
Lat/Long WENS 10.0000 30.5000 66.0000 53.7500
Subjectsmarine geology; surficial geology/geomorphology; environmental geology; Nature and Environment; mapping techniques; oceanography; marine environments; coastal studies; conservation; marine organisms; marine ecology; resource management; biological communities; environmental studies; ecosystems; climate; temperature; salinity; marine sediments; sedimentation rates; seafloor topography; modelling; Mussels; geological mapping; geological mapping techniques; biology; habitat mapping; habitat conservation; habitat management; high latitude mapping; climate change; wind; waves; marine protected areas
Illustrationsmodels
ProgramOcean Management Geoscience, Offshore Geoscience
Released2017 09 26
AbstractThe projected changing climate is expected to have impacts on sea temperatures and salinities. In addition, wind patterns are projected to shift. Although projections are uncertain, noticeable changes in wind directions and patterns have already been recorded in the Baltic Sea, due to changing climate during the past decades.
Wave exposure is one of the most important environmental factor controlling blue mussel (Mytilus trossulus) distribution and densities. Higher exposure keeps e.g. sedimentation at a lower level, which is beneficial for the species. Sea surface wave exposure is determined by wind power and direction, additionally by below surface topography. In the northern Baltic Sea, south-western winds prevail. It is assumed that blue mussels occur at higher densities on the exposed western and south-western sides of islands, islets and reefs.
The blue mussel is a key species providing several ecosystem services, such as removal of organic nutrients by filtering water and being the main food source for many Baltic flagship species. So it is of great ecological interest to try to predict how, and where, this species will manage in the changing environment.
The blue mussel data used in this study has been collected by diving, mainly within the Finnish Inventory Program for the Underwater Marine Environment (VELMU) and samples collected 2011-2015 were included. For this study, we started by running a distribution model for blue mussel densities, using wave exposure models produced with current wind data, in combination with other relevant environmental predictors. We ran models using exposure, produced with changed wind patterns, some of which follow predictions, while some are more extreme. The aim was to see how the pattern of occurrence changes in the fragmented archipelago of southern Finland and to see if there are significant shifts in occurrences within current protected area boundaries and if currently implemented MPAs
Results show decreasing mussel densities with shifts towards northerly winds. Also changes in locations occurred, but these shifts might not be relevant for the planning of large MPAs, if the areas include a wide range of possible exposures. On the other hand, decreasing densities might affect the way the species provides its ecosystem services.
GEOSCAN ID305878