|Title||Submerged channels of the Eastern Brazilian Continental Shelf: can the slope value be used as potential surrogates of reef environments?|
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|Licence||Please note the adoption of the Open Government Licence - Canada
supersedes any previous licences.|
|Author||Araújo, T C M; Camargo, J M R; Ferreira, B P; Maida, M|
|Source||Program and abstracts: 2017 GeoHab Conference, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada; by Todd, B J; Brown, C J; Lacharité, M; Gazzola, V; McCormack, E; Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 8295, 2017 p. 35, https://doi.org/10.4095/305406 Open Access|
|Publisher||Natural Resources Canada|
|Meeting||2017 GeoHab: Marine Geological and Biological Habitat Mapping; Dartmouth, NS; CA; May 1-4, 2017|
|Related||This publication is contained in Program and abstracts: 2017
GeoHab Conference, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada |
|Subjects||marine geology; environmental geology; surficial geology/geomorphology; mapping techniques; reefs; oceanography; marine environments; marine organisms; marine ecology; resource management; continental
margins; continental shelf; environmental studies; benthos; biota; channels; submergence; watersheds; coastal environment; modelling; Eastern Brazilian Continental Shelf; Biology; Fisheries resources|
|Released||2017 09 26|
|Abstract||The Eastern Brazilian Continental Shelf (EBCS) is narrow, shallow and predominantly covered by biogenic sediments. Bathymetric surveys have revealed the common occurrence of submerged channels, related
to the largest watersheds in the region and probably carved during periods of marine regression. With its break located between 40 and 80 metres deep, the EBCS was subjected to sub-aerial erosion for long periods, which justifies the occurrence of
these erosive features related to continental drainage. |
Based on a DEM with spatial resolution of 10 metres, the slope values of a section of the continental shelf of the state of Pernambuco were extracted. This initiative indicated an average
slope value of 0.38°, consistent with that expected for a continental shelf. However, along the edges of three submerged channels the slope is more pronounced, with values generally between 3 and 45°. Therefore, in order to verify the characteristics
of these steep reliefs, 03 video-transects were performed in two sectors of the Zieta Channel with a GoPRO 3 Black. Video-transects I and II were situated about 18 kilometres off the coast, while video-transect III was about 30 kilometres.
data analysis involved the integration of the three parameters: substrate, geomorphology, and biota. The seascapes in each video-transect were defined such as: predominant, secondary or occasional. The record of combinations of substrate
characteristics, geomorphology and biota occurrences also contributed to the definition of an associative pattern between the physical characteristics and the biological assemblages recorded.
Extreme values of slope (20-45°) are related to
seascapes dominated by large rocky outcrops, cut by small channels and with relative structural complexity, as well as fish, sponges, algae and corals. On the other hand, values of slopes between 3 and 8°, composed seascapes dominated by small rocky
outcrops, with irregular surface, usually covered by algae, and seascapes dominated by sub-outcrops, associated with rocky bottoms, sponges and corals. The flat reliefs (0-3°), related to the thalweg, harboured seascapes dominated by unconsolidated
substrates, with bioturbation and occurrence of dense spots of algae of the genus Halimeda.
From these preliminary results, it can be suggested that the slope presented potential to be considered a surrogate for seascapes dominated by
consolidated substrates and associated reef environments. This potential should be better investigated through new video surveys, contributing greatly to the consolidation of this relationship between slope, seascapes and benthic habitats, which, in
turn, may guide the most appropriate design of Marine Protected Areas, as well as management measures of their fishing resources.
|Summary||(Plain Language Summary, not published)|
The sixteenth annual GeoHab Conference was held this year (2017) at the Waterfront Campus of the Nova Scotia Community College in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia,