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TitleSurficial geology of the Highland Valley Copper mine area (Parts of NTS 092I/06, 7, 10 and 11), British Columbia
AuthorPlouffe, A; Ferbey, T
SourceBritish Columbia Geological Survey, Geoscience Map 2018-01, 2018, 1 sheet (Open Access)
LinksOnline - En ligne
Year2018
Alt SeriesNatural Resources Canada, Contribution Series 20180065
Documentserial
Lang.English
Maps1 map
Map Info.surficial geology, glacial deposits and landforms, 1:50,000
ProjectionUniversal Transverse Mercator Projection, UTM zone 10N (NAD27)
Mediaon-line; digital
RelatedThis publication supercedes Plouffe, A; Ferbey, T; (2015). Surficial geology, Gnawed Mountain area, British Columbia, parts of NTS 92-I/6, NTS 92-I/7, NTS 92-I/10, and NTS 92-I/11, Geological Survey of Canada, Canadian Geoscience Map no. 214, ed. Prelim.
File formatpdf
ProvinceBritish Columbia
NTS92I/06; 92I/07; 92I/10; 92I/11
AreaMamit Lake; Base Lake; Dot Lake; Roscoe Lake; Gnawed Mountain
Lat/Long WENS-121.1667 -120.7500 50.5833 50.3333
Subjectssurficial geology/geomorphology; organic deposits; alluvial deposits; colluvial deposits; lacustrine deposits; glacial features; glacial deposits; glacial landforms; glaciolacustrine deposits; glaciofluvial deposits; tills; Highland Valley Copper Mine; Phanerozoic; Cenozoic; Quaternary
ProgramPorphyry systems, Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI-5)
Released2018 01 01
AbstractLate Wisconsinan, Fraser glaciation till is the most extensive surficial sediment in the Highland Valley Copper mine (porphyry Cu-Mo) area. During the Fraser glaciation, ice flowed predominantly south to southeastward as indicated by the orientation of drumlins and flutings. During deglaciation, lateral meltwater channels cut into the flanks of valleys and mountain slopes, indicating that ice occupied low ground when higher elevations were ice free. Accumulations of glaciofluvial sand and gravel, too small to be mapped at this scale, can be found close to these meltwater channels. The glaciofluvial drainage was generally to the south during ice retreat, with aggradation of glaciofluvial sediments in the Guichon Creek valley. Glaciolacustrine sediments in the Witches Brook valley were deposited in a lake that formed when the eastward drainage was blocked by a mixture of ice and sediments. Mine tailings blanket areas near open pits and in the valley that extends northwest from the mine (previously occupied by Pukaist Creek).
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
This map depicts the distribution of unconsolidated sediments present at the surface in the region of the largest copper open pit mine in Canada. The region has received a lot of interest from the mineral exploration industry because it hosts copper mineralization in bedrock. The unconsolidated sediments present in the region dominantly consist of material deposited by glaciers (till) with lesser amount of sand and gravel deposited by glacial meltwater and modern streams, and lesser amount of silt and clay deposited in glacial lakes that formed at the end of the glaciation. Landforms sculpted and deposited by glaciers are represented with point and line symbols. These are particularly useful to interpret the glacial and ice-flow history of the region. The map has a variety of usage: 1) reconstruction of ice-flow history as applicable to mineral exploration; 2) identification of granular resources; and 3) environmental applications (e.g. groundwater, waste site, etc.).
GEOSCAN ID299383