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TitleAnnotated bibliography of references relevant to volcanic hazards in Canada
LicencePlease note the adoption of the Open Government Licence - Canada supersedes any previous licences.
AuthorKelman, M C
SourceGeological Survey of Canada, Open File 7678, 2015, 229 pages, Open Access logo Open Access
PublisherNatural Resources Canada
Documentopen file
Mediaon-line; digital
File formatpdf
ProvinceBritish Columbia; Alberta; Saskatchewan; Manitoba; Ontario; Quebec; New Brunswick; Nova Scotia; Prince Edward Island; Newfoundland and Labrador; Northwest Territories; Yukon; Nunavut; Canada
NTS1; 2; 3; 10; 11; 12; 13; 14; 15; 16; 20; 21; 22; 23; 24; 25; 26; 27; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33; 34; 35; 36; 37; 38; 39; 40; 41; 42; 43; 44; 45; 46; 47; 48; 49; 52; 53; 54; 55; 56; 57; 58; 59; 62; 63; 64; 65; 66; 67; 68; 69; 72; 73; 74; 75; 76; 77; 78; 79; 82; 83; 84; 85; 86; 87; 88; 89; 92; 93; 94; 95; 96; 97; 98; 99; 102; 103; 104; 105; 106; 107; 114O; 114P; 115; 116; 117; 120; 340; 560
Lat/Long WENS-141.0000 -50.0000 90.0000 41.7500
Subjectsigneous and metamorphic petrology; volcanoes; craters; volcanic rocks; volcanic features; volcanic processes; Chilcotin Basalts; Garibaldi Volcanic Belt; Clearwater-Quesnel Volcanic Province; Anahim Volcanic Belt; Nothern Cordilleran Volcanic Province; Wrangell Volcanic Belt
Illustrationslocation maps; photographs; drawings
ProgramPublic Safety Geoscience National-Scale Geohazard Assessments
Released2015 12 10
AbstractThis annotated bibliography of references about Canadian volcanoes was compiled as an accompaniment to the Preliminary Volcanic Ash Fall Susceptibility Map of Canada (Open File 7679, Kelman, 2015). It is prefaced with an introduction to volcanic hazards, volcanism in Canada, hazards from volcanoes outside Canada's borders that could impact Canadian territory, and a brief discussion about volcano monitoring as it applies to Canada.
The bibliography is a list of references about Pleistocene and Holocene volcanoes in Canada, organized by volcanic region. Each entry consists of a bibliographic reference plus either an abstract, brief summary, or introduction. The bibliography lists published papers, books, monographs, theses, and manuscript reports. Conference abstracts are in most cases only included when their information is unavailable elsewhere. Maps are only included if they depict volcanic hazards or contain significant information not available in other publications. Reports not accessible to the general public (e.g. internal reports from within Natural Resources Canada) and nontechnical brochures are not included. References about volcanic ash layers in Canada are only included if they are for Holocene events and contain specific information about the style, timing, or magnitude of eruption of a Canadian volcano, or chemical information about its tephra that is useful in identifying it. References about ash layers in Canada that originated from American eruptions are not included, with the exception of some references about the two White River ash deposits, which are included because their source is so close to the Canadian border and because most ash deposition occurred within Canada. Some references about landslides or debris flows not directly associated with eruptions are included because the fracturing and hydrothermal alteration of rock that contribute to slope failures are related to volcanic activity, and because similar mass movements could also occur during eruptions. References from before 1950 are non-comprehensive because many of them are difficult to obtain; however, some pre-1950 references that contain important information not available in later publications are included.
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
Canada has more than 300 potentially active volcanoes, all in British Columbia and the Yukon, but due to the infrequency of eruptions and the remote locations of many volcanoes, the public perception of volcanic hazards may not be appropriate to the likelihood and consequences of an eruption. This annotated bibliography complements the 2015 Preliminary Volcanic Ash Fall Susceptibility Map of Canada, which identifies areas most susceptible to ash fall hazards. The bibliography is prefaced with descriptions of volcanic hazards, Canada's volcanoes, and volcano monitoring, and comprises an annotated list of references about volcanic hazards in Canada, both from Canadian and American sources. It is intended to both serve as a general introduction for anyone evaluating volcanic hazards in Canada, and as an up-to-date research resource on Canadian volcanism.

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