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TitleHybridized ultramafic rocks in the Black Label hybrid zone of the Black Thor intrusive complex, McFaulds Lake greenstone belt, Ontario
LicencePlease note the adoption of the Open Government Licence - Canada supersedes any previous licences.
AuthorSpath, C S, III; Lesher, C M; Houlé, M G
SourceTargeted Geoscience Initiative 4: Canadian nickel-copper-platinum group elements-chromium ore systems -- fertility, pathfinders, new and revised models; by Ames, D EORCID logo (ed.); Houlé, M G (ed.); Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7856, 2015 p. 103-114, Open Access logo Open Access
PublisherNatural Resources Canada
Documentopen file
Mediaon-line; digital
RelatedThis publication is contained in Targeted Geoscience Initiative 4: Canadian nickel-copper-platinum group elements-chromium ore systems -- fertility, pathfinders, new and revised models
File formatpdf
AreaMcFaulds Lake
Lat/Long WENS -86.2278 -86.1783 52.7969 52.7722
Subjectsmetallic minerals; igneous and metamorphic petrology; geochemistry; nickel; platinum; chromium; ore mineral genesis; metallogeny; chromite; harzburgites; mineralization; whole rock geochemistry; whole rock analyses; Superior Province; Black Thor intrusive complex; Precambrian
ProgramTargeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI-4) Mafic-Ultramafic Ore Systems
Released2015 06 22; 2023 03 17
AbstractThe ca. 2.7 Ga Black Thor intrusive complex (BTIC) is an ultramafic to mafic, layered intrusion composed primarily of dunite, peridotite, pyroxenite, and chromitite overlain by lesser gabbroic rocks and rare anorthosite. After emplacement but before complete crystallization, a late websterite intrusion (LWI) reactivated the feeder conduit and transected the basal part of the BTIC, including the Black Label chromitite zone (BLCZ). All rocks have been metamorphosed to lower greenschist facies, but igneous minerals are preserved in some parts (particularly in the LWI) and relict igneous textures are well preserved in most parts. Logging of selected parts of 39 drill cores shows that semi-concordant intrusion of LWI magma and incorporation of inclusions produced a 1 to 10 m thick marginal zone of heterogeneous, interfingering brecciation defined as the Black Label hybrid zone (BLHZ). The BLHZ contains variably sized (1-50 cm) dunite/lherzolite/ chromitite inclusions with subangular to amoeboidal geometries, sharp to diffuse contacts, and locally significant amounts of patchy disseminated to patchy net-textured Fe-Ni-Cu-(PGE) sulphide mineralization. The core of the LWI is typically an inclusion-free, medium-grained, orthopyroxene-rich adcumulate with accessory chromite or olivine; however, inclusion-rich intervals of the LWI contain more olivine and chromite produced by disaggregation and partial assimilation of BTIC ultramafic rocks. There are two types of hybrid groundmass: one containing xenocrystic olivine and one containing xenocrystic chromite and olivine in varying proportions. Geochemical signatures of the hybrid rocks reflect the partial assimilation and brecciation of chromitite/lherzolite/dunite sequences. Similar Th-U-Nb-Ta-light rare earth element LREE patterns suggest that the LWI is related to the BTIC, presumably representing a more fractionated magma from deeper in the system. Further characterization of the hybrid rocks and inclusion variability is in progress and will help to establish the range and variability of processes within the BTIC, and their influence on the genesis of associated Fe-Ni-Cu-PGE sulphide mineralization in the BLHZ.
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
The Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI-4) is a collaborative federal geoscience program that provides industry with the next generation of geoscience knowledge and innovative techniques to better detect buried mineral deposits, thereby reducing some of the risks of exploration. This volume summarizes 22 research activities completed under the TGI-4 Ni-Cu-PGE-Cr ore systems project that focused on revised and new geologic models for Ni-Cu-PGE, PGE-Cu and Cr deposits, innovative techniques for determining potential fertility of intrusion (Ni-Cu-PGE), and defining pathfinders for Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization.

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