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TitleMagmatic biotite and its use to distinguish barren and mineralized granitic systems in New Brunswick, Canada
DownloadDownload (whole publication)
AuthorAzadbakht, Z; Lentz, D R; McFarlane, C R M
SourceTGI 4 - Intrusion Related Mineralisation Project: new vectors to buried porphyry-style mineralisation; by Rogers, N (ed.); Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7843, 2015 p. 565-566, (Open Access)
LinksCanadian Database of Geochemical Surveys, downloadable files
LinksBanque de données de levés géochimiques du Canada, fichiers téléchargeables
PublisherNatural Resources Canada
Documentopen file
Mediaon-line; digital
RelatedThis publication is contained in Rogers, N; (2015). TGI 4 - Intrusion Related Mineralisation Project: new vectors to buried porphyry-style mineralisation, Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7843
RelatedThis publication is related to Azadbakht, Z; Lentz, D R; McFarlane, C R M; (2014). Magmatic biotite and its use to distinguish barren and mineralized granitic systems in New Brunswick, Canada, New Brunswick Exploration, Mining and Petroleum conference program and abstracts volume
File formatpdf
ProvinceNew Brunswick
NTS21G; 21H; 21I; 21J; 21O; 21P
Lat/Long WENS -68.0000 -64.0000 48.0000 45.0000
Subjectseconomic geology; igneous and metamorphic petrology; porphyry deposits; porphyry copper; mineral exploration; mineralization; biotite; tungsten; tin; molybdenum; gold; antimony; magmatic rocks; intrusive rocks; igneous rocks; magmatism; magma differentiation; magmatic deposits; granitic rocks; Lake George deposit; Paleozoic; Devonian
Illustrationslocation maps; plots; photomicrographs
ProgramTargeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI-4), Intrusion/Porphyry Ore Systems
Released2015 06 11
AbstractForty-two different Devonian granitoid intrusions in New Brunswick were studied for this project. They formed by crustal growth processes during the Acadian orogeny, post-Acadian uplift, and Neoacadian orogeny and most are associated with granophile element deposits, such as Sn, W, Mo, Cu, Bi, In, Sb, Au, and possibly Ta and Li, as well as base-metals and U mineralization. These intrusions were emplaced pre-, syn-, late-, and posttectonically between 423 and 360 Ma with affinities ranging from primitive to highly evolved A-, S-, and I-types granitoids.
The aim of this study is to find a way to differentiate barren and mineralized granitic systems using biotite compositional systematics since it is highly sensitive to physico-chemical changes of its host, and continuously reequilibrates with host and derivative fluids. Therefore, core to rim studies of this mineral and analysis of its compositional zoning may reveal the origin and evolution history of the hosting granitoid and the different types of associated mineralization. Mineralized and barren granitoids are characterized by different chemical variations in biotite. For instance, biotite from a mineralized granitoid is characterized by lower Mg and Ti, and higher Al content relative to biotite from a barren granitoid. A combination of electron microprobe (EPMA) and laser ablation ICP-MS (LA-ICP-MS) was used to identify major, minor, trace elements, and halogen contents of biotite; these results were used to calculate fluoride and chloride activity of aqueous fluids associated with these intrusions, based on F and Cl contents in the mineral.*** Microprobe studies indicated homogeneous intragranular major element composition; crystallization temperature was calculated using Ti-In-biotite geothermometer, which gave a range of 670 to 750 ± 25°C . However, hydroxyl exchange biotite-apatite thermometer confirmed sub-solidus processes disturbed these systems resulting in a lower temperature around 300. Biotite grains from the highly fractionated bodies of the Pleasant Ridge, Mount Pleasant, and Kedron granites show the highest fluorine contents, ranging from 4.5 wt.% to 6.5 wt.%.
Trace element changes within the biotite lattice were measured using LA-ICP-MS. Interestingly, almost all of studied grains show Cs, Ba, and Rb zoning relative to K. These patterns were followed by Co, Cu, K, Li, Be, Sn, W, Ti, Sc, Ni, B, and V. Large ionic charge and radius make it difficult for elements to join or leave any crystalline structure; therefore, any Cs or Ba zoning could be of an igneous origin. As a result, any other elemental pattern following those could be a result of magmatic evolution, which has been recorded by the biotite crystal growth. Based on the results of this project, the concept of using biotite composition to help identify fertile Acadian magma systems has been established; however, more work needs to be done to define characteristics of different magmatic processes.