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TitleFluid inclusion and stable isotope evidence for mixing of magmatic - hydrothermal fluids with meteoric water in vein-type Cu-Au-Bi deposits, southern New Brunswick, Canada
LicencePlease note the adoption of the Open Government Licence - Canada supersedes any previous licences.
AuthorHanley, J J; Tweedale, F; Neyedley, K; Sharpe, R; Fayek, M
SourceTGI 4 - Intrusion Related Mineralisation Project: new vectors to buried porphyry-style mineralisation; by Rogers, N (ed.); Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7843, 2015 p. 361-368, Open Access logo Open Access
LinksCanadian Database of Geochemical Surveys, downloadable files
LinksBanque de données de levés géochimiques du Canada, fichiers téléchargeables
PublisherNatural Resources Canada
Documentopen file
Mediaon-line; digital
RelatedThis publication is contained in TGI 4 - Intrusion Related Mineralisation Project: new vectors to buried porphyry-style mineralisation
RelatedThis publication is related to Fluid inclusion and stable isotope evidence for mixing of magmatic- hydrothermal fluids with meteoric water in vein-type Cu-Au-Bi deposits, southern New Brunswick, Canada
File formatpdf
ProvinceNew Brunswick
NTS21A; 21G; 21H
AreaMount Pleasant; Sisson
Lat/Long WENS -68.0000 -66.5000 46.0000 45.0000
Subjectseconomic geology; geochemistry; metallic minerals; porphyry deposits; porphyry copper; mineral exploration; mineralization; tungsten; molybdenum; tin; bismuth; copper; gold; fluid inclusions; magmatic deposits; hydrothermal alteration; stable isotope studies; quartz veins; salinity; vein deposits; meteoric waters; Sisson deposit; Mount Pleasant deposit; Broad River Group; Paleozoic; Devonian
Illustrationslocation maps; plots; photographs; photomicrographs
ProgramTargeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI-4) Intrusion/Porphyry Ore Systems
Released2015 06 11; 2023 03 17
AbstractVein-type Cu-Au-Ag-Bi mineralization in the Caledonian Highlands, southern NB, Canada, is hosted within quartz-carbonate-rich shear zones cutting felsic lithic tuffs, intermediate intrusives and interbedded felsic and mafic flows of the Neoproterozoic Broad River Group. Mineralization in the veins consists of bornitechalcocite- hematite, coprecipitated with electrum and bismuthinite; ore minerals post-date quartz and REE-rich carbonates in the veins, with later supergene oxidation and hydration of the ores to cuprite-malachite. Wall-rock alteration is characterized by albitization and paragonitization. Replacement of bornite by chalcocite- hematite indicates changes in fluid redox with mineralization progression.
Trails of secondary fluid inclusions in the quartz veins are two-phase liquid-vapour at room temperature. Homogenization occurs by vapour bubble disappearance between 150-270°C for all assemblages; individual assemblages show relatively narrow ranges (e.g., 173-191°C, n=22). Bulk salinities from final ice melting range from 4 to 13 wt% NaCl eq. with individual assemblages showing similarly narrow ranges.
Stable isotope data (bulk separates, and in-situ by secondary ion mass spectrometry [SIMS]) for vein-stage quartz (d18Obulk = 13.7-15.1perthousand; d18OSIMS-qtz = 10.8±1.5 perthousand, 1c, n=32) and carbonate (d13Cbulk = -4.4 to -4.6 perthousand) combined with microthermometric data rule out unmodified, heated seawater and meteoric water as the dominant fluid components, and suggest that the metal-bearing fluids were magmatic in origin or represented saline formation waters modified through fluid-rock interaction with the host volcanic rocks (calculated d18Ofluid ~ 6-7 perthousand). However, significant variations in d18OSIMS-qtz are observed within single quartz crystals across growth zones and in massive quartz texturally predating sulfides and gold (from as low as 8.2 perthousand to 14.8 perthousand in quartz enclosed entirely within bornite-chalcocite). This indicates either (i) localized mixing of the metal-bearing fluid with low latitude meteoric water (calculated d18O = -1.0 to 0 perthousand), or (ii) fluctuations in fluid temperature during vein formation, with the lowest T portions of the vein associated with base metal-gold precipitation, or (iii) both. The isotopic composition of coeval quartz-carbonate predict a crystallization/final equilibration T of vein-stage at ~250- 270°C; if inclusions are primary, then a maximum Ptrapping = ~1.5 kbar, based on the lowest T assemblages, is estimated.
Significant fluctuations in fO2, fluid temperature or fluid composition during vein precipitation highlight the importance of fluid mixing for mineralization. These characteristics, combined with the style of mineralization, link these deposits in NB genetically to much larger vein Cu deposits worldwide (e.g., Churchill, Davis-Keays, and Mamainse Point, Canada; Inyati, Zimbabwe; Copper Hills, Australia; Messina, South Africa; Cornwall, UK).
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
The Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI-4) is a collaborative federal geoscience program that provides industry with the next generation of geoscience knowledge and innovative techniques to better detect buried mineral deposits, thereby reducing some of the risks of exploration. This volume summarises research activities completed under the TGI 4 Intrusion Related Mineralisation Project that focused on porphyry-style ore systems related to the Cu- and Cu-Mo deposits of South-Central British Columbia and the Sn-W-Mo-In deposits in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland.

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