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TitleSoft soil response investigations in Kitimat, BC - some preliminary results
 
AuthorCrow, H LORCID logo; Hunter, J; Brewer, K; Brillon, C; Cote, M; Allen, T; Cassidy, J FORCID logo; Hayek, S
SourceProceedings of the 11th Canadian Conference on Earthquake Engineering (11th CCEE); by Canadian Association for Earthquake Engineering; Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration 2015, 9 pages
LinksOnline - En ligne (ResearchGate)
Year2015
Alt SeriesEarth Sciences Sector, Contribution Series 20150034
Meeting11th Canadian Conference on Earthquake Engineering (CCEE); Victoria; CA; July 21-24, 2015
Documentserial
Lang.English
Mediapaper
File formatdoc
ProvinceBritish Columbia
NTS103I/02
AreaKitimat
Lat/Long WENS-128.7500 -128.5000 54.0833 54.0000
Subjectssoils science; geophysics; soil studies; seismic interpretations; glacial deposits; seismic surveys; earthquakes; fluvial deposits; marine sediments
Illustrationslocation maps; seismic maps; seismic velocity profiles; seismic profiles; tables; graphs
ProgramMarine Geohazards Mapping & Monitoring (MGMM)
AbstractThe north coast town of Kitimat, BC is located in a zone of moderate seismic hazard, relative to high-hazard regions of southwest BC. The town is underlain by a valley filled with unlithified glacial, soft fluvial, and marine sediments deposited on firm bedrock. Such settings are commonly prone to earthquake ground motion amplification and resonance effects. Reconnaissance field surveys were conducted to measure resonance effects in areas of thick soft soil. Results indicate substantial Horizontal-to-Vertical Spectral Ratio (HVSR) peaks at frequencies as low as 0.41 Hz using a portable seismograph. During these surveys, a local MW 4.6 earthquake occurred to the west of Haida Gwaii (275 km away) and was recorded by both the portable seismograph at a soft soil site and at a bedrock site 2.5 km away. Comparisons of the time histories showed considerable amplitude and frequency differences between the soil and rock sites. At the soil site, an HVSR resonant peak amplitude of 8 was recorded at 0.84 Hz during ambient noise measurements, whereas an HVSR peak amplitude of 21 was observed from the surface-wave portion of the earthquake event. Particle-motion plots of various portions of the earthquake time series at the soil site showed several packets of late arriving "valley-generated" surface waves at the site resonance frequency which were not observed at the rock site. These preliminary results demonstrate the importance of conducting additional site response investigations in this region.
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
The north coast town of Kitimat, British Columbia, is located in a zone of moderate seismic hazard. The town is underlain by a valley filled with unconsolidated glacial, soft fluvial, and marine sediments deposited on firm bedrock. Such settings are commonly prone to earthquake ground motion amplification and resonance effects. Field surveys were conducted to measure resonance effects in areas of thick soft soil. Results indicate substantial Horizontal-to-Vertical Spectral Ratio (HVSR) peaks at frequencies as low as 0.41 Hz using a portable seismograph. During these surveys, a local Mw4.6 earthquake occurred offshore Haida Gwaii (275 km west) and was recorded by both the portable seismograph at a soft soil site and at a bedrock site 2.5 km away. Comparisons of the time histories showed considerable amplitude and frequency differences between soil and rock.
GEOSCAN ID296374

 
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