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Title[The Arctic:] terrestrial permafrost
AuthorRomanovsky, V E; Smith, S L; Christiansen, H H; Shiklomanov, N I; Streletskiy, D A; Drozdov, D S; Malkova, G V; Oberman, N G; Kholodov, A L; Marchenko, S S
SourceState of the climate in 2014; by Blunden, J (ed.); Arndt, D S (ed.); Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society vol. 96, no. 7, 2015 p. S139-S141, (Open Access)
Alt SeriesEarth Sciences Sector, Contribution Series 20140593
PublisherAmerican Meteorological Society
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
ProvinceNorthwest Territories; Nunavut; Yukon; Quebec
NTS15; 16; 25; 26; 27; 28; 29; 35; 36; 37; 38; 39; 45; 46; 47; 48; 49; 55; 56; 57; 58; 59; 65; 66; 67; 68; 69; 75; 76; 77; 78; 79; 85; 86; 87; 88; 89; 95; 96; 97; 98; 99; 105; 106; 107; 115; 116; 117; 120; 340; 560
AreaArctic; Canada; United States of America; Russian Federation; Svalbard and Jan Mayen; Norway; Finland; Sweden; Greenland; Denmark
Lat/Long WENS-180.0000 180.0000 90.0000 60.0000
Subjectssurficial geology/geomorphology; environmental geology; Nature and Environment; Science and Technology; climatology; permafrost; ground ice; periglacial features; climate, arctic; climate effects; ground temperatures; planning; temperature; Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost; clmate change; northern development; decision making; climate change adaptation; active layer thickness; international cooperation; permafrost thaw
Illustrationslocation maps; time series
ProgramClimate Change Geoscience, Essential Climate Variable Monitoring
Released2015 08 06
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
This article is the permafrost contribution to the 'State of the Climate (2014)', an annual peer-reviewed report providing clear, reliable information on the current state of the Arctic environmental system relative to historical records. Information acquired from the Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost (to which Canada contributes) indicates that permafrost continues to warm across the circumpolar region and in some regions such as the Canadian High Arctic the permafrost temperatures are the highest they have been in the past 3-4 decades. Since permafrost is an important component of the northern landscape, knowledge of how conditions are changing is essential for planning adaptation to a changing climate and to support decisions regarding northern development.