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Title Adaptation: linking research and practice
AuthorEyzaguirre, J; Warren, F
SourceCanada in a changing climate: sector perspectives on impacts and adaptation; by Warren, F J (ed.); Lemmen, D S (ed.); 2014 p. 253-286
LinksOnline - En ligne (PDF, 21 MB)
PublisherNatural Resources Canada
Mediaon-line; digital; paper
RelatedThis publication is contained in Warren, F J; Lemmen, D S; (2014). Canada in a changing climate: sector perspectives on impacts and adaptation
RelatedThis publication is a translation of Eyzaguirre, J; Eyzaguirre, J; Warren, F; Warren, F; (2014). Adaptation : établir un lien entre la recherche et la pratique, Vivre avec les changements climatiques au Canada : perspectives des secteurs relatives aux impacts et à l'adaptation,
File formatpdf
ProvinceBritish Columbia; Alberta; Saskatchewan; Manitoba; Ontario; Quebec; New Brunswick; Nova Scotia; Prince Edward Island; Newfoundland and Labrador; Northwest Territories; Yukon; Nunavut
NTS1; 2; 3; 10; 11; 12; 13; 14; 15; 16; 20; 21; 22; 23; 24; 25; 26; 27; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33; 34; 35; 36; 37; 38; 39; 40; 41; 42; 43; 44; 45; 46; 47; 48; 49; 52; 53; 54; 55; 56; 57; 58; 59; 62; 63; 64; 65; 66; 67; 68; 69; 72; 73; 74; 75; 76; 77; 78; 79; 82; 83; 84; 85; 86; 87; 88; 89; 92; 93; 94; 95; 96; 97; 98; 99; 102; 103; 104; 105; 106; 107; 114O; 114P; 115; 116; 117; 120; 340; 560
Lat/Long WENS-141.0000 -50.0000 90.0000 41.7500
Subjectsenvironmental geology; Nature and Environment; adaptation; climate effects; climatic fluctuations; climate; health hazards; adaptation; sea level fluctuations; economic analyses; governments; climate change
Illustrationslocation maps; tables
ProgramClimate Change Impacts and Adaptation Program
Since 2008, climate change adaptation research and practice in Canada has been characterized by increasing engagement, diversity and complexity. Understanding of the adaptation process has improved, more groups are involved in adaptation discussions and a growing number of adaptation activities are documented. This progress leads to the following conclusions:
Adaptation is being undertaken in Canada to achieve a range of goals, such as increasing capacity to adapt, improving resilience to specific climate events (especially extremes), and enhancing ability to thrive under different climate conditions. Among sectors, those with a demonstrated high sensitivity and exposure to climate and weather are generally most active in taking steps to understand, assess and manage vulnerability and risk related to climate change.
Adaptation is not solely a local issue, although examples from the municipal level still predominate. There are examples of action by all levels of government, as well as community groups and industry, many of which represent collaborative initiatives.
Understanding of the barriers and challenges to adaptation has improved, with recognition that factors beyond the basic determinants of adaptive capacity need to be addressed in order to increase the will to adapt and the success of adaptation measures. These include consideration of values and risk perception in framing problems and identifying solutions. As a result, understanding of how to overcome key barriers and enable adaptation has improved.
At present, undertaking planning and policy exercises, building capacity and raising awareness comprise much of the adaptation action documented, with relatively few examples of implementation of specific changes to reduce vulnerability to future climate change, or take advantage of potential opportunities. As such, adaptation implementation in Canada is still in its early stages.
Several factors can help accelerate the transition between awareness and action, including strong leadership and effective champions, targeted awareness-raising and supportive strategies or policies. Experiencing extreme events, as well as observing impacts of gradual changes (e.g. sea level rise) also stimulate adaptation.