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TitleHuman health
AuthorBerry, P; Clarke, K-L; Fleury, M D; Parker, S
SourceCanada in a changing climate: sector perspectives on impacts and adaptation; by Warren, F J (ed.); Lemmen, D S (ed.); 2014 p. 191-232 Open Access logo Open Access
LinksOnline - En ligne (PDF, 21 MB)
PublisherNatural Resources Canada
Mediaon-line; digital; paper
RelatedThis publication is contained in Canada in a changing climate: sector perspectives on impacts and adaptation
RelatedThis publication is a translation of Santé humaine
File formatpdf
ProvinceBritish Columbia; Alberta; Saskatchewan; Manitoba; Ontario; Quebec; New Brunswick; Nova Scotia; Prince Edward Island; Newfoundland and Labrador; Northwest Territories; Yukon; Nunavut; Canada
NTS1; 2; 3; 10; 11; 12; 13; 14; 15; 16; 20; 21; 22; 23; 24; 25; 26; 27; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33; 34; 35; 36; 37; 38; 39; 40; 41; 42; 43; 44; 45; 46; 47; 48; 49; 52; 53; 54; 55; 56; 57; 58; 59; 62; 63; 64; 65; 66; 67; 68; 69; 72; 73; 74; 75; 76; 77; 78; 79; 82; 83; 84; 85; 86; 87; 88; 89; 92; 93; 94; 95; 96; 97; 98; 99; 102; 103; 104; 105; 106; 107; 114O; 114P; 115; 116; 117; 120; 340; 560
Lat/Long WENS-141.0000 -50.0000 90.0000 41.7500
Subjectsenvironmental geology; Health and Safety; Nature and Environment; adaptation; climate effects; climatic fluctuations; climate; health hazards; adaptation; Climate change; Human health; Air pollution
Illustrationslocation maps; tables
ProgramClimate Change Impacts and Adaptation
ProgramClimate Change Impacts and Adaptation Canada in a Changing Climate
Released2014 01 01
Stronger evidence has emerged since 2008 that a wide range of health risks to Canadians are increasing as the climate continues to change. For example, climate-sensitive diseases (e.g. Lyme disease) and vectors are moving northward into Canada and will likely continue to expand their range. In addition, new research suggests climate change will exacerbate air pollution issues in some parts of Canada, although further reductions of air contaminant emissions could offset climate change impacts on levels of ground-level ozone and particulate matter.
A range of climate-related natural hazards continue to impact communities and will pose increasing risks to health in the future. For example, recent flood and wildfire events have severely impacted communities through destruction of infrastructure and displacement of populations.
Many adaptation activities are being taken from local to national levels to help Canadians prepare for the health impacts of climate change. Adaptation planning should consider the important differences in factors responsible for health vulnerability among urban, rural, coastal and northern communities.
Provincial, territorial, and local health authorities are gaining an increasing knowledge of climate change and health vulnerabilities through assessments and targeted research, and some jurisdictions have begun mainstreaming climate change considerations into existing health policies and programs. Greater efforts are also being made to increase public awareness about how to reduce climate-related health risks.
Addressing key knowledge gaps and strengthening adaptation efforts would reduce the growing risks from climate change, which leave some individuals and communities highly vulnerable to associated impacts. Adaptation tools and measures, such as heat alert and response systems, projections of vector-borne disease expansion and greening urban environments can help protect Canadians from the effects of climate change being felt now and from future impacts.

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