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TitleRelationship of Mediterranean type lamproites to large shoshonite volcanoes, Miocene of Lesbos, NE Aegean Sea
AuthorPe-Piper, G; Zhang, Y; Piper, D J WORCID logo; Prelevic, D
SourceLithos vol. 184-187, 2014 p. 281-299,
Alt SeriesEarth Sciences Sector, Contribution Series 20130340
PublisherElsevier BV
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
Lat/Long WENS 25.7500 26.7500 39.5000 39.0000
Subjectsigneous and metamorphic petrology; mineralogy; geochemistry; analytical methods; igneous rocks; lamprophyres; pyroxene; spinel; olivine; petrography; phlogopite; whole rock geochemistry
Illustrationsplots; ternary diagrams; photomicrographs; tables
ProgramGSC Atlantic Division
AbstractShoshonites, which are high-K trachyandesitic rocks, are found in many orogenic belts and are commonly of post-collisional origin. The petrogenesis of shoshonites has been widely debated. Small lava flows and dykes of lamproite and related lamproitic rocks of early Miocene age in Lesbos are coeval with voluminous shoshonite volcanoes. Their distinctive petrology and isotope geochemistry provide an exceptional opportunity to assess the petrogenetic relationship between lamproites and shoshonites. The lamproitic rocks contain phenocrysts of forsteritic olivine (as high as Fo93) and clinopyroxene, both with inclusions of chrome spinel (Cr# ~0.9 or ~0.6) and carbonate melt inclusions, indicating the presence of carbonatite melts. Some complexly zoned clinopyroxene from lamproitic rocks have salite cores with chemical composition suggesting they formed in the upper mantle in amelt strongly enriched in LILE and LREE. Both lamproites and shoshonites showcontinuous trends of trace elements and their isotopic compositions overlap. Lack of variation in K with Mg# or SiO2 for particular temporal - spatial groups of shoshonites suggests derivation from particular inhomogeneous mantle rather than fractionation processes. In contrast to other peri-Mediterranean lamproites, the Lesbos lamproites and shoshonites have unusual Pb isotope composition that requires a common origin from subcontinental lithospheric mantle enriched in LILE in the Paleozoic. This enrichment process involved partial melting of subducted carbonate-bearing pelites. Triassic rift-related volcanism and formation of Jurassic small ocean basins produced extreme depletion of parts of the mantle. Lamproitic magma was derived from melting of enriched refractory harzburgite, whereas enriched lherzolite, wehrlite and pyroxenite partially melted to supply larger volumes of shoshonitic and related magmas. The NE Aegean Miocene shoshonite province is thus not directly related to contemporary subduction, but may have been triggered by related back-arc extension.
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
Lamproites are unusual potassium-rich rocks that provide information about the Earth's mantle. A particular set of 17 million year old lamproites in Lesbos, Greece, are synchronous with voluminous shoshonite volcanoes. Both have unusual isotopes of Pb, pointing to a common mantle origin, but by partial melting of different mantle domains.

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