|Title||The Hatfield Buried Valley: A review of the aquifer characteristics|
|Author||Russell, J A J; Cummings, D I; Mathius, H; Oldenborger, G; Pugin, A J; Sharpe, D R|
|Source||GeoMontréal 2013, Canadian Geotechnical Conference, abstracts; 2013 p. 1|
|Alt Series||Earth Sciences Sector, Contribution Series 20130278|
|Meeting||GéoMontréal 2013, the 66th Canadian Geotechnical Conference and the 11th Joint CGS/IAH-CNC Groundwater Conference; Montreal; CA; September 29 - October 3, 2013|
|Subjects||hydrogeology; groundwater; groundwater resources; groundwater regimes; buried valleys; Hatfield Buried Valley|
|Program||Aquifer Assessment & support to mapping, Groundwater Geoscience|
|Links||Online - En ligne|
|Abstract||There is no synthesis of the Hatfield buried valley (HBV), despite its potential significance to water resource management in the prairies. Information on orientation, geometry and fill characteristics,
documented in numerous government and industry reports, needs to be summarized to support improved aquifer assessment. This paper sets out the existing knowledge of the HBV and highlights the case for new framework data to address societal water
issues in a rapidly developing provincial economy dominated by resource extraction. |
The HBV in Saskatchewan is an ~800 km long valley that traverses the province obliquely from the northwest to the southeast. Plan geometry shows a main trunk
valley that bifurcates in places. There is limited detail on lateral valleys; however, a number of regional northeast-trending valleys appear to terminate at the HBV (Swift Current, Tyner, Battleford). The valley is predominantly cut in Cretaceous
shale, and locally Judith River Formation sandstone. Valley depth is variable with depths of >100m and widths up to ~5km. It is buried by >200 m of sediment and can be partially exhumed where intersected by modern valleys (e.g. Qu¿Appelle River).
Sediment fill is poorly documented regionally with only a few high quality site specific datasets. Basal HBV fill is Empress Group sand and gravel that is < 100 m thick. It consists of a lower pre-glacial unit that is commonly non-calcareous and
includes mountain-derived quartzite and chert gravel. An upper pro-glacial sand and gravel unit is characterized by Shield-derived igneous, metamorphic, and carbonate clasts. This unit is overlain by multiple inter-bedded diamicton and sand and
gravel fill-units assigned to the Sutherland and Saskatoon groups. Sutherland and Saskatoon till units are differentiated by Christiansen in the Saskatchewan area on the basis of carbonate content, texture, Atterberg limits, and electrical
resistance. The Sutherland Group tills have lower carbonate content, higher clay and lower sand contents, higher liquid limit and lower electrical resistance than do tills of the Saskatoon Group. Much of the valley-fill stratigraphy has been mapped
from water wells records, which does not permit differentiation of this formal stratigraphy; nevertheless, their main hydrogeological properties are similar and controlled by inter-till sand units. These documented characteristics of the HBV are
supplemented by new high-quality 3D from airborne electromagnetic (EM) and seismic reflection data in southeast. These data reveal a more complicated network of main valley architecture, smaller buried valleys, erosional features, and sedimentary
deposits than have been previously recorded.
|Summary||(Plain Language Summary, not published)|
A review of existing information and GIS analysis of archival data integrated with airborne electromagnetic data of the Hatfield buried valley.