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TitleSynvolcanic Au-Ag±Cu-Zn-Pb massive sulphides, veins and disseminations of the Westwood deposit, Abitibi greenstone belt, Québec
AuthorYergeau, D; Mercier-Langevin, P; Dubé, B; Jackson, S; Malo, M; Bernier, C; Simard, P
SourceGeological Survey of Canada, Open File 7482, 2014, 54 pages, (Open Access)
PublisherNatural Resources Canada
Documentopen file
Mediaon-line; digital
File formatpdf
AreaDoyon; Bousquet; LaRonde; Abitibi
Lat/Long WENS-78.5000 -78.0000 48.2500 48.0000
Subjectseconomic geology; mineralogy; mineral deposits; mineralization; mineral occurrences; gold; silver; copper; zinc; lead; sulphides; sulphide deposits; alteration; hydrothermal alteration; Doyon-Bousquet-LaRonde mining camp; Westwood Deposit; Abitibi Greenstone Belt; Bousquet Formation
Illustrationslocation maps; plots; photographs; profiles; ternary diagrams; photomicrographs
ProgramTargeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI-4), Gold Ore Systems
Released2014 03 02
AbstractThe Westwood deposit (3.715 Moz of Au) includes three distinctive mineralized corridors stacked from north to south: 1) Zone 2 Extension, 2) North Corridor and 3) Westwood Corridor. The Zone 2 Extension consists of cm- to dm-wide pyrite- and chalcopyriterich quartz veins and dissemination zones whereas the North Corridor consists of cm- to dm-wide quartz-pyrite-chalcopyrite ± sphalerite veins and disseminations as well as thin, semi-massive to massive sulphide veins. The hydrothermal envelopes of these two corridors are slightly discordant to the stratigraphy and main foliation. Finally, the Westwood Corridor consists of discontinuous stratabound polymetallic semi-massive to massive sulphide lenses, veins and disseminations.
The Westwood mineralized corridors are part of the Doyon-Bousquet-LaRonde mining camp and are hosted in metavolcanic rocks of the Bousquet Formation (2699-2696 My), which forms a steeply south-dipping, east-trending homoclinal sequence facing south. The study area is metamorphosed to greenschist-amphibolite facies transition and deformation is heterogeneously distributed with high strain corridors typically localized at lithological contacts and within synvolcanic alteration zones.
The Warrenmac massive sulphide lens (Westwood Corridor) is characterized by pyrite-sphalerite-chalcopyrite ± galena-pyrrhotite and is overlain by a highly transposed stringer zone, which are both anomalous in Sn, Hg, As and Sb. Sericite, quartz, biotite, chlorite and Mn-garnet define the metamorphosed proximal alteration assemblage whereas an aluminous alteration assemblage (staurolite, andalusite, kyanite) is preferentially developed at depth (> 1.5 km). Mapping of the Warrenmac discovery outcrop revealed that felsic volcaniclastic rocks hosting the massive sulphide lens are intruded by low-permeability mafic sills which acted as cap rocks for ascending hydrothermal fluids. Moreover, synvolcanic alterations discordant and strongly transposed into the main foliation combined with the presence of abundant sulphide fragments within felsic volcaniclastic breccias suggesting a synvolcanic origin for the Au mineralization.
Zone 2 Extension and Doyon mine mineralization (~1.5 km west of Westwood) are interpreted to be genetically related to the synvolcanic Mooshla pluton whereas Westwood and North corridors have a VMS-type origin and are located on the same stratigraphic horizon as LaRonde Penna mine 20 North lens to the east. U/Pb zircon dating suggest that the three mineralized corridors might have been formed in less than 2 My. The Westwood deposit therefore represents a unique opportunity to test the hypothesis of a continuum between vein-type mineralization associated with a synvolcanic intrusion and auriferous massive sulphide lenses, and thereby contribute to a better understanding of Archean auriferous magmatic-hydrothermal systems. Metallogenic continuums are well documented in younger geological environments such as telescoped porphyry-epithermal systems.
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
The Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI-4) is a collaborative federal geoscience program that provides industry with the next generation of geoscience knowledge and innovative techniques to better detect buried mineral deposits, thereby reducing some of the risks of exploration. The Westwood deposit is being studied through the Lode Gold project of the Targeted geoscientific initiative 4 program aiming at developing more effective tools for exploration of buried ore deposits. The Westwood deposit allows to tackle the problematic of gold deposits associated the emplacement of intrusive rocks. This document presents preliminary results of the Westwood deposit study, including an overview of the geologic setting and the nature of the various mineralization styles that characterize the deposit and which define potential exploration vectors.