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TitleFeasibility study of using Muon observations for extreme space weather early warning (final report)
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AuthorTrichtchenko, L; Kalugin, G; Armitage, J; Boudjemline, K; Waller, D
SourceGeological Survey of Canada, Open File 7451, 2013, 109 pages, https://doi.org/10.4095/292841
Year2013
PublisherNatural Resources Canada
Documentopen file
Lang.English
Mediaon-line; digital
File formatpdf
Subjectsgeophysics; remote sensing; magnetic disturbances; magnetic field; geomagnetism; geomagnetic fields; solar variations
Illustrationshistograms; tables; schematic diagrams; plots
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Location
 
Natural Resources Canada Library - Ottawa (Earth Sciences)
 
ProgramTargeted Hazard Assessments in Northern Canada, Public Safety Geoscience
Released2013 08 27
AbstractThis project is motivated by the need for improved protection of Canadian critical infrastructure from solar disturbances. The feasibility study examines the possibility of using measurements of muons produced by cosmic rays (CR) to provide advanced warning of approaching solar disturbances. A literature review and workshops with invited specialists were the important part of work. These identified the need for a Canadian muon detector to fill the coverage gap existing in global network.
Two types of tasks were undertaken: theoretical investigations of the interaction of cosmic rays with solar disturbances performed by the Lead Department, NRCan; and review of the existing technology and development of a test detector, done by a Contractor, Physics Department at Carleton University.
The study identified two types of precursors associated with interaction of the CR with solar disturbance. The physics-based transport equation for CR has been analysed and diffusion model was validated. Two types of technology for building detectors were assessed, a test muon detector has been built and prototype data were analysed.
The detailed design specifications and recommendations (roadmap) for proto-operational developments are provided.
Summary(Plain Language Summary, not published)
This project is motivated by the need for improved protection of Canadian critical infrastructure from solar disturbances. The feasibility study examines the possibility of using measurements of muons produced by cosmic rays (CR) to provide advanced warning of approaching solar disturbances. Two types of tasks were undertaken: theoretical investigations of the interaction of cosmic rays with solar disturbances performed by the Lead Department, NRCan; and review of the existing technology and development of the test detector, done by a Contractor, Physics Department at Carleton University. The study identified two types of precursors associated with interaction of the CR with solar disturbance. The physics-based transport equation for CR has been analysed and diffusion model was validated. Two types of technology for building detectors were assessed, a test muon detector has been built and prototype data were analysed.
GEOSCAN ID292841