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TitleDiatom-inferred changes in effective moisture during the late Holocene from nearshore cores in the southeastern region of the Winnipeg River Drainage Basin (Canada)
AuthorMa, S; Laird, K R; Kingsbury, M V; Lewis, C F MORCID logo; Cumming, B F
SourceThe Holocene 2012 p. 1-12,
Alt SeriesEarth Sciences Sector, Contribution Series 20120457
PublisherSAGE Publications
Mediaon-line; digital
File formatpdf
NTS52E/07; 52E/08; 52E/09; 52E/10; 52E/15; 52E/16; 52F; 52G/05; 52G/06; 52G/11; 52G/12; 52G/13; 52G/14; 52J/01; 52J/02; 52J/03; 52J/04
AreaLittle Raleigh Lake; Kenora; Dryden; Ignace; Troutfly Lake; Gall Lake; Atlantic Lake; Ela Lake; Dixie Lake; Worth Lake; Meekin Lake
Lat/Long WENS-95.0000 -91.0000 50.5000 49.2500
Subjectshydrogeology; paleontology; Nature and Environment; lake water depths; lake water; lake sediments; benthos; diatoms; faunal distribution; Holocene; Winnipeg River Drainage Basin; Cenozoic; Quaternary
Illustrationslocation maps; graphs; plots; histograms
ProgramClimate Change Geoscience
Released2012 11 09
AbstractThe Winnipeg River Drainage Basin (WRDB), within the boreal forest region of northwest Ontario, is a region that is expected to be negatively affected by climate warming. Inferences of droughts over the past two millennia from Little Raleigh Lake were based on two nearshore sediment cores. The core locations were from depths of ~12 and 15 m and were based on sufficient nearshore sediment accumulation and distance from the modern benthic-to-planktonic diatom boundary, where a distinct shift from dominance of benthic taxa changed to dominance of planktonic taxa in surficial sediments at ~11.8 m. Diatom-inferred depth was based on a model developed from 60 surficial sediments within the study lake. Depth inferences indicate that prolonged periods of aridity occurred from ~AD 950 to 1300 (corresponds to ‘Medieval Climate Anomaly’) and from ~AD 1625 to 1750 (warming during ‘Little Ice Age’). We found that the core collected from a depth closer to the benthic-to-planktonic diatom boundary was more sensitive to changes in lake level than the deeper core where planktonic diatoms dominated the assemblage. The inferred low-water stands of the past two millennia are well outside of the range of the past ~100 years, suggesting that recent drought history may not be a good estimate of future extremes.

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