|Title||Space weather bulletin - 2011|
|Author||Fiori, R A D; Lam, H -L; Trichtchenko, L; McKee, L; Danskin, D; Nikolic, L|
|Source||Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7197, 2012, 282 pages, https://doi.org/10.4095/291896|
|Publisher||Natural Resources Canada|
|Related||This publication is related to the
|Subjects||geophysics; remote sensing; magnetic disturbances; magnetic field; magnetic interpretations; magnetic storms; solar energy; solar variations|
Natural Resources Canada Library - Ottawa (Earth Sciences)
|Program||Canadian Hazard Information Service, Canadian Hazard Information Service|
|Links||Space Weather Canada / Météo Spatiale Canada|
|Released||2012 09 25|
Space weather refers to the conditions and processes occurring in space which have the potential to affect the near Earth environment. Space weather processes can include changes in
the interplanetary magnetic field, coronal mass ejections from the Sun, and disturbances in Earth's magnetic field. The effects of space weather include (but are not limited to) geomagnetically induced currents in power systems and pipelines,
azimuthal errors in directional drilling, disruptions to high frequency radio communication and GPS navigation, and failure or misoperation of satellites.
The Canadian Space Weather Forecast Centre monitors, analyzes, and forecasts space weather
and dispatches warnings and alerts across Canada. This includes tracking solar disturbances from the Sun to the Earth and monitoring the Earth's magnetic field on the ground using a network of magnetometers distributed throughout Canada.
Weather Bulletin is generated by the Canadian Space Weather Forecast Centre and provides recipients with daily descriptions of current space weather conditions, including solar, interplanetary, near-Earth environment and geomagnetic conditions, and
forecasts of future activity. Descriptions of solar conditions include the observation of coronal mass ejections, coronal holes, active regions, and solar flares. Where possible, the time at which effects are expected to be observed at the Earth are
provided. Interplanetary conditions refer to the solar wind speed, and the magnitude and polarity of the north / south (perpendicular to the ecliptic plane) component of the interplanetary magnetic field. In the near-Earth environment, the observed
and predicted (forecast for the next 24 hours) values of the electron fluence at geostationary orbit with respect to threshold levels are provided. Geomagnetic activity levels for the past and future 24 hours in the polar cap, auroral, and
sub-auroral zones are also provided. All descriptions are based on data products and links available at www.spaceweather.gc.ca. This report provides a description of the Space Weather Bulletin and documents the bulletin from its implementation April
06, 2011 until December 31, 2011. Sections 2 and 3 provide an introduction and description of the evolution of the bulletin. A listing of typical bulletin statements is provided in Section 4. Section 5 contains tables of values used to select
descriptive statements (very low / low / moderate / high / very high). Beginning July 06, 2011 a glossary of terms was included in the bulletin. This glossary is presented in Section 6. Sample bulletins are presented in Section 7.