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TitleArisite-(Ce), a new rare-earth fluorcarbonate from the Aris phonolite, Namibia, Mont Saint-Hilaire and the Saint-Amable Sill, Quebec, Canada
AuthorPiilonen, P C; McDonald, A M; Grice, J D; Rowe, R; Gault, R A; Poirier, G; Cooper, M A; Kolitsch, U; Roberts, A CORCID logo; Lechner, W; Palfi, A G
SourceCanadian Mineralogist vol. 48, no. 3, 2010 p. 661-671,
Alt SeriesEarth Sciences Sector, Contribution Series 20110152
PublisherMineralogical Association of Canada
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
AreaSaint-Amable; Mont Saint-Hilaire; Aris; Canada; Namibia
Subjectsmineralogy; optical properties; mineral occurrences; mineral specimens; analytical methods; x-ray diffraction; powder diffraction; crystallography; pegmatites; electron microscope analyses; rare earths; Saint-Amable Sill
Illustrationstables; graphs; photomicrographs
Released2010 07 28
AbstractArisite-(Ce), ideally NaCe2(CO3)2[(CO3)1 - xF2x]F, is a new layered, rare-earth fluorcarbonate mineral from the Aris phonolite (Namibia), Mont Saint-Hilaire (Quebec), and the Saint-Amable sill (Quebec). At the Aris phonolite, arisite-(Ce) occurs as vitreous, transparent, beige, beige-yellow, light lemon yellow to pinkish, tabular, hexagonal plates and prisms up to 1.5 mm in miarolitic cavities. At Mont Saint-Hilaire, arisite-(Ce) occurs in alkaline pegmatite veins, sodalite syenite and sodalite syenite xenoliths as pale pink, silvery or very pale brown, micaceous plates with a rough hexagonal outline, as thin fibers (5 µm thick), as isolated crystals, as irregular clusters, rosettes or spherical aggregates 0.1 to 2 mm in diameter. In the Saint-Amable phonolite sill, arisite-(Ce) occurs as thin, flexible, pearly to silvery white, rounded to irregular micaceous plates (0.3 to 0.5 mm) in spherical aggregates or rosettes. Arisite-(Ce) is brittle, has a conchoidal fracture, poor cleavage perpendicular to (001), and a Mohs hardness of approximately 3 - 31/2; it is non-fluorescent under either long- or short-wave UV radiation, dissolves slowly in room-temperature dilute HCl, and sinks in methylene iodide. Its density Dcalc is 4.126 g/cm3 for Z = 1 (Aris). Arisite-(Ce) is uniaxial negative, has a sharp extinction, with both {omega} and {varepsilon} exhibiting a range of values within each grain: 1.696 < {omega} < 1.717(4) and 1.594 < {varepsilon} < 1.611(3), a result of chemical zoning attributed to both Ce-for-La and Na-for-Ca substitutions. The average empirical formula for arisite-(Ce) from the Aris phonolite is (Na0.97Ca0.03){sum}1.00(Ce0.92La0.80Nd0.11Pr0.04Sm0.01Ca0.09){sum}1.97(CO3)2[(CO3)0.71F0.59] F. The mineral is hexagonal, PFormulam2, a 5.1109(2), c 8.6713(4) Å, V 196.16(6) Å3. The strongest 11 lines of the powder X-ray-diffraction patterns [dhklNAM/dhklMSH in Å(IobsNAM/IobsMSH, hkl)] are: 4.439/4.428(100/100,100), 4.352/4.317(52/60,002), 3.103/3.097(87/80,102), 2.561/2.558(38/50,110), 2.424/2.415(21/40,103), 2.171/2.162(12/30,004), 1.9748/1.969(42/60,202), 1.9501/1.941(16/30,104), 1.9169/1.910(12/20,113), 1.6547/1.650(11/30,114) and 1.5640/1.560(13/20,212). Arisite-(Ce) is a late-stage, postmagmatic to hydrothermal mineral at all three localities. It is a member of the flat-lying layered REE fluorcarbonate group that includes lukechangite-(Ce), cordylite-(Ce), huanghoite-(Ce), cebaite-(Ce), kukharenkoite-(Ce) and kukharenkoite-(La). All these fluorcarbonates have crystal structures characterized by separate layers of carbonate, F, REE and alkali or alkaline-earth elements. The mineral's name recalls the type locality, the Aris phonolite, Namibia.

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