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TitleFocal mechanisms and depths of aftershocks of the 2010 Haiti earthquake
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AuthorBent, A L
SourceGeological Survey of Canada, Open File 6713, 2011, 32 pages, https://doi.org/10.4095/288018
Year2011
PublisherNatural Resources Canada
Documentopen file
Lang.English
Mediaon-line; digital
File formatpdf
AreaPort-au-Prince; Haiti
Lat/Long WENS-74.0000 -72.0000 18.7500 17.0000
Subjectsgeophysics; earthquakes; earthquake magnitudes; earthquake foci; earthquake studies; earthquake risk; seismicity; seismographs; seismological network; seismology; seismic risk; aftershocks
Illustrationslocation maps; graphs; plots; stereonets; tables
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Location
 
Natural Resources Canada Library - Ottawa (Earth Sciences)
 
ProgramCanadian Hazard Information Service, Canadian Hazard Information Service
Released2011 03 01
AbstractThe devastating magnitude 7.0 earthquake that struck Haiti on 12 January 2010 was followed by hundreds of aftershocks. The largest were recorded at regional to teleseismic distances. The smaller aftershocks were not recorded in the days immediately following the mainshock as there was no seismic monitoring capacity within Haiti. With the installation of a real time three-station network in Haiti by the GSC in mid-February the ability to monitor the aftershocks was vastly improved. Using the new Haitian stations as well as existing stations elsewhere in the Caribbean, focal mechanisms and depths of many of the aftershocks can be determined, both of which provide insight into the seismotectonics of the region and implications for future seismic hazard assessments. This paper summarizes the focal mechanisms and depths of the larger (magnitude ? 4.5) aftershocks determined by regional moment tensor inversion and the focal mechanisms of the smaller aftershocks determined by a composite first motion inversion. The results are consistent with the teleseismically determined focal mechanisms of the mainshock and largest aftershock and provide further evidence for a complex faulting regime consisting of strike-slip faulting in the east of the aftershock zone where the mainshock initiated and thrust faulting in the west where the largest number of aftershocks has occurred.
GEOSCAN ID288018