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TitleMeasuring Canadian urban expansion and impacts on work-related travel distance: 1966-2001
AuthorZhang, Y; Guidon, B; Sun, K
SourceJournal of Land Use Science vol. 5, no. 3, 2010 p. 217-235,
Alt SeriesEarth Sciences Sector, Contribution Series 20100291
PublisherInforma UK Limited
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
ProvinceOntario; Quebec; British Columbia; Alberta; Manitoba; Nova Scotia
NTS92B; 92G; 82O; 83H; 62H; 30M; 40J; 40P; 31G; 31H; 21L; 11D
AreaToronto; Montreal; Vancouver; Ottawa; Gatineau; Calgary; Edmonton; WInnipeg; Hamilton; Burlington; Kitchener-Waterloo; Guelph; London; St. Catharine; Niagara; Halifax; Victoria; WIndsor
Lat/Long WENS -83.5000 -71.0000 47.0000 42.0000
Lat/Long WENS-124.0000 -122.0000 50.0000 48.0000
Lat/Long WENS-115.0000 -113.0000 54.0000 50.7500
Lat/Long WENS -98.0000 -96.0000 50.2500 49.5000
Subjectsgeophysics; remote sensing; land use; LANDSAT
ProgramTopographic Mapping
Released2010 08 11
AbstractThis article presents measurement of the dynamics and impacts of Canadian urban growth during 1966 - 2001 derived from information assimilation of Landsat satellite image interpretations and historical land use maps. We have examined key variables characterizing the urban expansion process, such as urban land area, dwelling density, population density and natural land loss. For major Canadian urban areas, dwelling densities in newly developed areas are found to have decreased over time. The trends suggest that low-density residential suburbanization is the dominant urban expansion process in Canada. While population densities in major metropolitan areas have remained constant or increased over the past 15 years, densities in smaller communities have decreased. A by-product of Canadian urban expansion has been modified intra-urban travel behaviour. The impacts of road network connectivity and changing urban form on attributes of urban transportation are discussed through a series of case studies.

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