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TitleGeochemical variability and process recognition from soils in the Maritime Provinces, Canada
AuthorGrunsky, E C
SourceAmerican Geophysical Union fall meeting, abstracts; EP51A-0570, 2009 p. 1
LinksOnline - En ligne
Alt SeriesEarth Sciences Sector, Contribution Series 20100286
PublisherAmerican Geophysical Union
MeetingAmerican Geophysical Union; San Francisco; US; December 14-18, 2009
Mediaon-line; digital
File formathtml
ProvinceNew Brunswick; Nova Scotia; Prince Edward Island; Northwest Territories
Subjectsgeochemistry; soils science; soils; soil studies; soil geochemistry; soil surveys
ProgramTools for environmental impacts and adaptation for metal mining, Environmental Geoscience
AbstractA soil geochemical survey was undertaken in the maritime provinces of Canada. The survey was designed to reveal the variability of the near surface geochemistry that is associated with underlying bedrock geology, effects of weathering, meteoric water infiltration, groundwater and anthropogenic activities. Soil samples collected from the O, A, B and C horizons from the Maritime Provinces of Canada were analyzed using four-acid digestion and ICP-OES/MS instrumentation. An additional soil layer profile, PH (Public Health) of 0-5 cm depth was defined as part of the A horizon and is of interest in health risk assessments.
A principal component (PC) analysis of the geochemistry from the four soil horizons reveals a distinctive set of inter-element relationships from the C horizon upwards into the B, A and PH horizons. Statistical dispersion of the soil geochemistry using a log-centred transform, increases upwards in the profile. Maximum data dispersion occurs in the PH and A horizon soils. These trends are shown in Figure 1 where a bi-plot of the first two PC's accounts for 49.7% of the data variability. Elements including Cd, S, P, Pb, Bi, Sb, Mo, Be, Zn and Cu are relatively enriched in the PH-A horizons (correlated with increasing organic carbon content) while elements including Ni, Mg, Cr, V, Co, Fe and Sc are relatively enriched in the C horizon, representing a mafic component of the protolith. The felsic component of the protolith is expressed as a relative enrichment of K, Rb, Zr, (REE), Li and Al. This lithologic trend is exhibited along the second PC axis. The relative associations revealed in the bi-plot of Figure 1 enable the recognition of the underlying protolith, weathering, meteoric water and groundwater effects. The sources of these associations may be attributed to the underlying geology, anthropogenic activity, or a combination of both. The influence of bedrock geology, climate and geomorphology (ecoregions) can be used to characterize the regional variability of the geochemistry for environmental and population health risk assessments. These same geochemical associations are also observed in other areas of North America. Additional statistical analyses and maps will be shown.