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TitleSpatial variation of the crustal stress field along the Ryukyu-Taiwan-Luzon convergent boundary
AuthorWu, W -N; Kao, H; Hsu, S -K; Lo, C -L; Chen, H -W
SourceJournal of Geophysical Research vol. 115, B11401, 2010, 19 pages, (Open Access)
Alt SeriesEarth Sciences Sector, Contribution Series 20100012
Mediaon-line; digital
File formatpdf
AreaTaiwan, Province of China
Lat/Long WENS120.0000 135.0000 35.0000 20.0000
Subjectstectonics; geophysics; remote sensing; earthquakes; earthquake foci; earthquake mechanisms; stress distribution; continental crust; crustal studies; Ryukyu-Taiwan-Luzon convergent boundary; Philippine Sea plate
Illustrationslocation maps; plots; images
ProgramTargeted Hazard Assessments in Western Canada, Public Safety Geoscience
Released2010 11 05
AbstractWe applied an improved stress inversion method to a comprehensive data set of earthquake focal mechanisms to depict the pattern of crustal stress along the western convergent boundary of the Philippine Sea plate. Our results indicate that the crustal stress along the Ryukyu fore arc is segmented with boundaries at or near the places of seamount subduction, including the Tokara channel. An extensional stress regime is observed along the entire Ryukyu back arc, implying that back-arc rifting may have extended northward to Kyushu. A triangular area near the southernmost terminus of the Ryukyu arc is characterized by a unique stress signature. The eastern boundary of this Ryukyu-Taiwan Stress Transition coincides with the 123°E meridian where the Gagua ridge intercepts the Ryukyu trench; whereas its western boundary agrees remarkably well with the border between the postcollision and waning-collision domains in northern Taiwan. The Taiwan collision zone is dominated by compression that rotates locally according to the structural configuration of the Lukang Magnetization High (LMH), suggesting that the LMH may be critical in controlling the local stress distribution. The stress signature of the Luzon arc - Taiwan collision reaches as far south as 19.5°N. The tectonic stress along the Manila trench - Luzon fore arc is dominated by a complex regime of extension that cannot be explained by simple plate bending or in-slab membrane stress. Since this extensional regime is observed only south of ~22°N, it probably marks the northern limit of the contemporary boundary between the subduction along the Manila trench and the collision in Taiwan.