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TitleLuminescence dating of aeolian sand from the Northern Great Plains, Canada - the utility of feldspar and quartz for providing temporal control on postglacial environmental change
AuthorLian, O; Cullen, J; Wolfe, SORCID logo
Source 2010 p. 147 Open Access logo Open Access
LinksOnline - En ligne
Alt SeriesEarth Sciences Sector, Contribution Series 20090465
MeetingPrairie Summit CAG-CGRG Annual Meeting; Regina, SK; CA; June 1-5, 2010
Mediaon-line; digital
File formathtml
ProvinceAlberta; Manitoba; Saskatchewan
AreaGreat Plains
Subjectssedimentology; geochronology; Nature and Environment; eolian deposits; dunes; sands; quartz
ProgramClimate Change Geoscience
Released2010 01 01
AbstractOver the past 15 years more than 100 luminescence ages have been calculated from feldspar and quartz grains extracted from sand dunes on the Northern Great Plains, Canada. The vast majority of these ages have come from feldspar, and they range from a few decades to more than 15,000 years. Feldspar ages have traditionally been calculated using multiple-aliquot techniques where it is assumed that all of the grains sampled have been exposed to sufficient sunlight prior to burial. Although these techniques are, in most cases, well-suited to the aeolian depositional environments of interest, the luminescence signal from feldspar suffers from anomalous fading, and this requires that relatively complex laboratory measurements be made in order to correct for its effect. Quartz, on the other hand, would appear to be a more suitable as the luminescence signal from it resets much more quickly than that from feldspar, and it does not suffer from anomalous fading. Moreover, the latest single-aliquot regenerative (SAR) protocols can be applied to quartz, whereas they are not generally applicable to feldspar. The SAR technique is simple and less laborious, and it easily allows for the discrimination of age populations in a sample. Despite the favourable characteristics of quartz we have found instances where it, and standard SAR protocols, appear to be unsuitable. In this paper we illustrate the utility of using quartz and feldspar to dating sand dune evolution on the Great Northern Plains, and we provide recommendations for estimating the fidelity of luminescence ages from this region.

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