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TitleInfluence of till provenance on regional groundwater geochemistry
AuthorGrasby, S E; Osborn, J; Chen, Z; Wozniak, P R J
SourceChemical Geology vol. 273, 2010 p. 225-237,
Alt SeriesEarth Sciences Sector, Contribution Series 20090408
PublisherElsevier BV
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
NTS82H; 82I; 82J; 82O; 82P; 83A/01; 83A/02; 83A/03; 83A/04; 83A/05; 83A/06; 83A/07; 83A/08; 83B/01; 83B/02; 83B/07; 83B/08
AreaLethbridge; High River; Bassano; Calgary; Cochrane; Drumheller; Olds; Red Deer
Lat/Long WENS-115.0000 -112.0000 52.5000 49.0000
Subjectshydrogeology; geochemistry; groundwater; groundwater geochemistry; groundwater surveys; glacial deposits; tills; till geochemistry; sediment transport; sulphides; sulphates; Paskapoo Formation
Illustrationslocation maps; plots; tables
ProgramAquifer Assessment & support to mapping, Groundwater Geoscience
AbstractA regional groundwater geochemistry study was conducted in the Paskapoo Formation of southern Alberta, Canada. Our study area focused on a region where two continental ice sheets, the Cordilleran and Laurentide met. The glacial deposits transported by these ice sheets have different bulk characteristics reflective of the bedrock of the source region of the ice. Recharge through these two different glacial deposits generates distinctly different water geochemistry within the underlying Paskapoo Formation, such that bedrock aquifer acquires a geochemical signature of the immediately overlying glacial deposits through which recharge occurs. Oxidation of pyrite in Laurentide till generates high-sulphate groundwater, and associated acid generation leads to enhanced mineral weathering. This generates high TDS high Na - SO4 groundwater in underlying bedrock aquifers. This process appears transitory, where thin Laurentide drift deposits are completely oxidized and have reduced capacity to generate high-sulphate water. The same bedrock underlying carbonate dominated Cordilleran drift deposits have low TDS Ca - HCO3 groundwater.