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TitleDry climate disconnected the Laurentian Great Lakes
AuthorLewis, C F M; King, J W; Blasco, S M; Brooks, G R; Coakley, J P; Croley, T E, II; Dettman, D L; Edwards, T W D; Heil, C W, Jr.; Hubeny, J B; Laird, K R; McAndrews, J H; McCarthy, F M G; Medioli, B E; Moore, T C, Jr.; Rea, D K; Smith, A J
SourceEos, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union vol. 89, no. 52, 2008 p. 541-552, https://doi.org/10.1029/2008eo520001 (Open Access)
Year2008
Alt SeriesEarth Sciences Sector, Contribution Series 20080381
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Documentserial
Lang.English
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
ProvinceOntario
NTS31C; 31D; 31E; 31F; 31L; 40; 41; 42B; 42C; 42D; 42E; 42F; 42G; 52A; 52B; 52H
AreaGreat Lakes; Canada; United States
Lat/Long WENS-96.0000 -72.0000 51.0000 38.0000
Subjectshydrogeology; Nature and Environment; hydrologic environment; hydrologic budget; hydrologic properties; lake water depths; surface waters; water levels; lake water; sedimentary basins; basins; basin analysis; climate effects; climate; lacustrine environments; Holocene; Laurentian Great Lakes; Cenozoic; Quaternary
Illustrationslocation maps; graphs
ProgramEnhancing resilience in a changing climate
Released2011 06 03
AbstractRecent studies have produced a new understanding of the hydrological history of North America's Great Lakes, showing that water levels fell several meters below lake basin outlets during an early postglacial dry climate in the Holocene (younger than 10,000 radiocarbon years, or about 11,500 calibrated or calendar years before present (B.P.)). Water levels in the Huron basin, for example, fell more than 20 meters below the basin overflow outlet between about 7900 and 7500 radiocarbon (about 8770 - 8290 calibrated) years B.P. Outlet rivers, including the Niagara River, presently falling 99 meters from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario (and hence Niagara Falls), ran dry. This newly recognized phase of low lake levels in a dry climate provides a case study for evaluating the sensitivity of the Great Lakes to current and future climate change.
GEOSCAN ID225808