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TitleMining and smelting activities produce anomalies in tree-growth patterns (Murdochville, Québec)
AuthorAznar, J -C; Richer-Laflèche, M; Bégin, C; Marion, J
SourceWater, Air and Soil Pollution vol. 186, 2007 p. 139-147, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-007-9472-3
Year2007
Alt SeriesEarth Sciences Sector, Contribution Series 20080327
PublisherSpringer Nature
Documentserial
Lang.English
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
ProvinceQuebec
NTS22A/13; 22A/14; 22A/15; 22H/02; 22H/03; 22H/04
AreaGaspésie peninsula; Murdochville
Lat/Long WENS-66.0000 -64.5000 49.2500 48.7500
Subjectsenvironmental geology; vegetation; dendrochronology; pollution; pollutants; smelters; smelting; environmental analysis; environmental studies; environmental impacts; atmospheric geochemistry; statistical analyses
Illustrationslocation maps; graphs; plots
Released2007 08 23
AbstractAt 94 sites throughout the Gaspésie peninsula, Québec, tree growth patterns and variation in growth rate were examined to determine relationship of tree growth to specific pollutants. Canopy dominant Black Spruce (Picea mariana, (Mill.) BSP) were selected at each site. Basal area increment (BAI) values were derived from increment cores and disks taken at breast height. A sigmoid model (Gompertz) to tree basal area was fitted and used as an estimate of tree growth. The residuals were used in association with other landscape variables to test the hypothesis that the tree-growth was reduced at the vicinity of the Murdochville smelter. Results showed that residuals were well explained by smelter distance, elevation, and slope exposition to the smelter emissions. On the intense activity period, tree growth was reduced within a 25-km radius of the smelter, on slopes exposed to the contaminant flow and located at elevation lower than 580 m. With the interruption of smelting activities, growth was recovered for survival trees.
GEOSCAN ID225706