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TitleBaffin Island
AuthorDredge, L A
SourceEncyclopaedia of Islands; by Gillespie, R G (ed.); Clague, D A (ed.); 2009 p. 76-78
Alt SeriesEarth Sciences Sector, Contribution Series 20070277
PublisherUniversity of California Press (California, US)
NTS25I; 25J; 25K; 25L; 25M; 25N; 25O; 25P; 26; 36; 27; 37; 38A; 38B; 38C; 47E; 47F; 47G; 47H; 48A; 48B; 48C; 48D; 57E; 57H; 58A; 58D
AreaBaffin Island
Lat/Long WENS -90.0000 -60.0000 74.0000 61.0000
Subjectstectonics; stratigraphy; bedrock geology; Archean; igneous rocks; tectonic history; depositional history; geological history; glacial deposits; glacial history; vegetation; biota; flora; faunal assemblages; Canadian Shield; Trans-Hudson Orogeny; Foxe Basin; Cenozoic; Paleozoic; Proterozoic
Illustrationslocation maps; photographs
AbstractBaffin Island, with an area of more than 500,000 km2, is one of the principal islands of the Canadian Arctic archipelago and the world's fifth-largest island (Fig. 1). It lies within the territory of Nunavut, at the eastern portal of the Northwest Passage, the grail of early explorers
and a potential shipping route in years to come. Half the island's 11,000 inhabitants live in Iqaluit, the administrative capital for Nunavut; the remainder live in seven other coastal communities. The island is named after William Baffin, a seventeenth-century British explorer, although it was known previously to the Norse as Helluland, the land of flat stones.