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TitleTsunamigenic sources in the Bay of Plenty, New Zealand
AuthorWalters, R A; Goff, J; Wang, KORCID logo
SourceScience of Tsunami Hazards vol. 24, no. 5, 2006 p. 339-357
LinksOnline - En ligne
Alt SeriesEarth Sciences Sector, Contribution Series 20060608
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
AreaNew Zealand
Lat/Long WENS 175.2000 178.1833 -36.0667 -38.2000
Subjectstectonics; marine geology; tsunami; landslides; faults; faulting; subduction zones; continental shelf; continental slope; magmatic arcs; seamounts; plate margins
Illustrationslocation maps; geological sketch maps; bathymetric profiles; bar graphs
ProgramReducing Risk from Natural Hazards
AbstractNew Zealand sits in a precarious position astride the boundary between the Pacific and Australian Plates. There is a wide range of potential tsunamigenic sources in this area including fault movements, submarine landslides, volcanic activity, and other mechanisms. In addition, considerable prehistoric information indicates that large tsunamis have inundated the coastline several times in the past. A part of our work has been directed toward using historic and prehistoric tsunami data to evaluate possible sources. Several types of dislocation models and submarine landslide models are used to simulate the displacement of the sources. A finite element numerical model is used to simulate generation, propagation and runup of the resultant tsunami. As an example, we present results for the Bay of Plenty, northeast coast of the North Island, New Zealand. The range of source types includes local faults, subduction zone rupture, volcanic eruptions, sector collapse of seamounts, and submarine landslides. A likely major source is a subduction zone event along the Tonga-Kermadec Trench. Data from paleotsunami deposits have guided the model in determining appropriate source characteristics and establishing the most significant event for this region

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