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TitleGenerating historical AVHRR 1 km baseline satellite data records over Canada suitable for climate change studies
AuthorLatifovic, R; Trishchenko, AORCID logo; Chen, JORCID logo; Park, W B; Khlopenkov, K V; Fernandes, RORCID logo; Pouliot, D; Ungureanu, C; Luo, Y; Wang, SORCID logo; Davidson, A; Cihlar, J
SourceEarth observation of Canada's landmass: results and future needs: a workshop in honour of Josef Cihlar on the occasion of his retirement; by Trishchenko, AORCID logo (ed.); Chen, WORCID logo (ed.); Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing vol. 31, no. 5, 2005 p. 324-346,
Alt SeriesEarth Sciences Sector, Contribution Series 2005581
PublisherInforma UK Limited
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
ProvinceCanada; British Columbia; Alberta; Saskatchewan; Manitoba; Ontario; Quebec; New Brunswick; Nova Scotia; Prince Edward Island; Newfoundland and Labrador; Northwest Territories; Yukon; Nunavut
NTS1; 2; 3; 10; 11; 12; 13; 14; 15; 16; 20; 21; 22; 23; 24; 25; 26; 27; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33; 34; 35; 36; 37; 38; 39; 40; 41; 42; 43; 44; 45; 46; 47; 48; 49; 52; 53; 54; 55; 56; 57; 58; 59; 62; 63; 64; 65; 66; 67; 68; 69; 72; 73; 74; 75; 76; 77; 78; 79; 82; 83; 84; 85; 86; 87; 88; 89; 92; 93; 94; 95; 96; 97; 98; 99; 102; 103; 104; 105; 106; 107; 114O; 114P; 115; 116; 117; 120; 340; 560
Lat/Long WENS-141.0000 -50.0000 90.0000 41.7500
SubjectsNature and Environment; remote sensing; climate; data collections; satellites; Standards; Data processing; Climate change
Illustrationstables; histograms; satellite images; graphs; bar graphs; location maps; time series
ProgramReducing Canada's Vulnerability to Climate Change
ProgramCanadian Space Agency, Government Related Initiative Program (GRIP)
Released2014 06 02
AbstractSatellite data are an important component of the global climate observing system (GCOS). To serve the purpose of climate change monitoring, these data should satisfy certain criteria in terms of the length of observations and the continuity and consistency between different missions and instruments. Despite the great potential and obvious advantages of satellite observations, such as frequent repeat cycles and global coverage, their use in climate studies is hindered by substantial difficulties arising from large data volumes, complicated processing, and significant computer resources required for archiving and analysis. Successful examples of satellite earth observation (EO) data in climate studies include, among others, analyses of the earth's radiation budget (Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE), Scanner for Radiation Budget (ScaRaB), and Cloud and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES)), cloudiness (International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP)), vegetation research (Global Inventory Modeling and Mapping Studies (GIMMS)), and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NOAA-NASA) Pathfinder Program. Despite several attempts, the great potential of the advanced very high resolution radiometer (AVHRR) 1 km satellite data for climate research remains substantially underutilized. To address this issue, the generation of a comprehensive satellite data archive of AVHRR data and products at 1 km spatial resolution over Canada for 1981-2004 (24 years) has been initiated, and a new system for processing at level 1B has been developed. This processing system was employed to generate baseline 1 day and 10 day year-round clear-sky composites for a 5700 km × 4800 km2 area of North America. This region is centred over Canada but also includes the northern United States, Alaska, Greenland, and surrounding ocean regions. The baseline products include top-of-atmosphere (TOA) visible and near-infrared reflectance, TOA band 4 and band 5 brightness temperature, a cloud - clear - shadow - snow and ice mask, and viewing geometry. Details of the data processing system are presented in the paper. An evaluation of the system characteristics and comparison with previous results demonstrate important improvements in the quality and efficiency of the data processing. The system can process data in a highly automated manner, both for snow-covered and snow-free scenes, and for daytime and nighttime orbits, with high georeferencing accuracy and good radiometric consistency for all sensors from AVHRR NOAA-6 to AVHRR NOAA-17. Other processing improvements include the implementation of advanced algorithms for clear sky - cloud - shadow - snow and ice scene identification, as well as atmospheric correction and compositing. At the time of writing, the assembled dataset is the most comprehensive AVHRR archive at 1 km spatial resolution over Canada that includes all available observations from AVHRR between 1981 and 2004. The archive and the processing system are valuable assets for studying different aspects of land, oceans, and atmosphere related to climate variability and climate change.

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