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TitleTsunamis and tectonic deformation at the northern Cascadia margin: a 3000-year record from Deserted Lake, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada
AuthorHutchinson, I; Guilbault, J -P; Clague, J J; Bobrowsky, P TORCID logo
SourceThe Holocene vol. 10, no. 4, 2000 p. 429-439, Open Access logo Open Access
Alt SeriesEarth Sciences Sector, Contribution Series 2005476
PublisherSAGE Publications
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
ProvinceBritish Columbia
AreaVancouver Island; Deserted Lake
Subjectstectonics; earthquakes; earthquake risk; tsunami; tectonic history; tectonic evolution; Cascadia Subduction Zone
Released2016 07 27
AbstractThree layers of sand occur within a sequence of muddy gyttja in a 3 m core recovered from Deserted Lake, which lies at the head of a fjord on the central west coast of Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. The sedimentology and microfossil assemblages of these layers are consistent with deposition by tsunamis. Radiocarbon ages suggest that the tsunamis were generated by plate-boundary earthquakes at the Cascadia subduction zone about 2600, 1600 and 300 years ago. Diatom and protozoan contents of the gyttja layers indicate that relative sea level fell in the periods between tsunamis. The sea-level changes are probably a product of interseismic uplift of the North America plate margin. Post-tsunami diatom and protozoan assemblages are generally more marine than their pre-tsunami counterparts, suggesting that the study site subsided during earth quakes. Estimates of interseismic and coseismic deformation during one earthquake cycle indicate that less than half of the interseismic uplift was recovered during the earthquake, leading to cumulative, or permanent, uplift of the area.

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