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TitleSmelter emissions deposited in the environment around the Horne smelter, Quebec: comparison of regional snow, peat, soil, and lake-sediment and lake-water surveys
DownloadFree download (whole publication) (zip 212296 KB)
AuthorBonham-Carter, G F; Henderson, P J; Kliza, D A; Kettles, I M
SourceMetals in the environment around smelters at Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec, and Belledune, New Brunswick: Results and conclusions of the GSC MITE Point Sources Project; by Bonham-Carter, G; Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin no. 584, 2005, 19 pages; 1 CD-ROM, https://doi.org/10.4095/221170
Year2005
PublisherNatural Resources Canada
Documentserial
Lang.English
MapsPublication contains 1 map
Map Info.surficial geology, 1:250,000
MediaCD-ROM; digital; on-line
RelatedThis publication is contained in Bonham-Carter, G; (2005). Metals in the environment around smelters at Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec, and Belledune, New Brunswick: results and conclusions of the GSC MITE Point Sources Project, Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin no. 584
File formatreadme / lisez-moi
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ProvinceQuebec; Ontario
NTS31J/12; 31J/13; 31K/09; 31K/10; 31K/11; 31K/12; 31K/13; 31K/14; 31K/15; 31K/16; 31L/09; 31L/10; 31L/11; 31L/12; 31L/13; 31L/14; 31L/15; 31L/16; 31M; 31N; 31O/04; 31O/05; 31O/12; 31O/13; 32B/04; 32B/05; 32B/12; 32B/13; 32C; 32D; 32E/01; 32E/02; 32E/03; 32E/04; 32E/05; 32E/06; 32E/07; 32E/08; 32F/01; 32F/02; 32F/03; 32F/04; 32F/05; 32F/06; 32F/07; 32F/08; 32G/04; 32G/05; 41I/09; 41I/16; 41P/01; 41P/08; 41P/09; 41P/16; 42A/01; 42A/08; 42A/09; 42A/16; 42H/01; 42H/08
AreaRouyn-Noranda; northwestern Ontario
Lat/Long WENS-80.5000 -75.5000 49.5000 46.5000
Subjectsgeochemistry; environmental geology; surficial geology/geomorphology; smelters; mining activities; metals; pollution; geochemical interpretations; geochemical analyses; depositional history; dispersal patterns; environmental studies; environmental impacts; resource management; concentration; element distribution; lake sediment geochemistry; lake water geochemistry; snow geochemistry; peat geochemistry; soil geochemistry; hummocks; humus geochemistry; copper; arsenic; aluminum; iron; indicator elements; modelling; lead; zinc; cadmium; isotopic studies; anisotropy; Horne Smelter; anthropogenic sources; atmospheric deposition; radial footprint distance; particulate matter; point sources
Illustrationslocation maps; tables; plots; rose diagrams; models; time series
ProgramMetals in the Environment (MITE)
LinksMetadata
LinksMétadonnées
LinksCanadian Database of Geochemical Surveys, downloadable files
LinksBanque de données de levés géochimiques du Canada, fichiers téléchargeables
Released2005 12 22
AbstractRegional patterns in the concentration of smelter-emitted metals in snow, the surfaces of ombotrophic peat hummocks, the humus horizon of soil, lake water, and lake sediment around the copper smelter at Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec, are generally similar. They are all approximately circular, centred on the smelter, and elongated somewhat toward the east due to the prevailing wind directions. Typically, the footprint extends on average about 65 km from the smelter, perhaps 5 kmmore than this toward the east and 5 kmless toward the west. The pattern is anisotropic, but weakly so. The ratio of (Cu+As)/(Al+Fe) is a useful indicator for source apportionment. The value of the ratio, which changes as a function of distance from the smelter, reflects the mixing and dilution of emissions with non-smelter dust and aerosols. Snow and peat measurements allow the deposition rates of metal (mass/unit area/time) to be modelled as a function of distance from the smelter, and the integration of this model over a radial area permits the determination of metal tonnages in the smelter-centred anomaly. The proportions of emissions accounted for within 150 km of the smelter are as follows: Cu, 25 to 50%; Pb, 10 to 20%; Zn, 25%; As, 5%; and Cd, 20 to 25%. Metals in excess of these proportions are likely transported outside the immediate smelter footprint and beyond 150 km, but deposition of smelter-emitted metals becomes so small and so mixed with metals from other sources that it impossible, from these data, to discriminate between smelter and non-smelter sources.
GEOSCAN ID221170