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TitleBlock bundle adjustment of Landsat-7 ETM+ images over mountainous areas
DownloadDownloads (Preprint)
LicencePlease note the adoption of the Open Government Licence - Canada supersedes any previous licences.
AuthorToutin, Th
SourcePhotogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing vol. 69, no. 12, 2003 p. 1341-1349, Open Access logo Open Access
LinksOnline - En ligne
Alt SeriesEarth Sciences Sector, Contribution Series 20043252
PublisherAmerican Society for Photgrammetrry and Remote Sensing
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
ProvinceAlberta; British Columbia
AreaRocky Mountains
Subjectsremote sensing; LANDSAT; Ground Control Points (GCPs); Elevation Tie Points (ETPs)
Illustrationssatellite images; tables; graphs; diagrams
Released2003 01 01
AbstractThis research study showed the potential of block bundle adjustment with nadir viewing sensor images, such as Landsat-7 ETM+. The method is based on the 3D analytical geometric model developed for multi-sensor images at the Canada Centre for Remote Sensing, Natural Resources Canada. Different block sizes and configurations were tested and compared using image bundle adjustment. The different tests using fifteen Landsat-7 ETM+ images (five paths and three rows) acquired over a study site in the Canadian Rocky Mountains, showed that the same results (around 25 m errors) could be obtained with image blocks as with a single image using a largely reduced number of ground control points (GCPs). However, the combined image measurement and map errors of GCPs were included in the final error budget and the internal accuracy of the blocks should be better (around one pixel or less). The number of GCPs to be used depended mainly on the cartographic data accuracy: more GCPs than the minimum required reduced the error propagation in the least-squares block bundle adjustment. In addition, tie points with a known elevation value (elevation tie points, ETPs) instead of normal tie points were used to link the adjacent images/strips (North-South and East-West) because the viewing-angle differences of overlapping images were smaller than 1º in North-South overlaps and around 10º in East-West overlaps. Better and more consistent results were also obtained using strips of images in the blocks acquired from the same orbit and date instead of using independent images. Finally, using only GCPs in the outer strips/images and ETPs in each overlap achieved the same results (25-m errors).

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