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TitleLong-term monitoring of surface reflectance, NDVI, and clouds from space: What contribution can we expect due to the effect of instrument spectral response variations?
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LicencePlease note the adoption of the Open Government Licence - Canada supersedes any previous licences.
AuthorTrishchenko, AORCID logo; Cihlar, J; Li, Z; Hwang, B
SourceProceedings of SPIE, the International Society of Optical Engineering 4815, 2002 p. 108-119, Open Access logo Open Access
Alt SeriesEarth Sciences Sector, Contribution Series 20043120
MeetingInternational Symposium on Optical Science and Technology, SPIE's 47th Annual Meeting,; Seattle; US; July 7-11, 2002
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
Released2002 01 01
AbstractSince the satellites provide frequent and global observations of atmospheric and terrestrial environment, attempts have been made to use satellite data for long-term monitoring of land reflectances, vegetation indices and clouds properties. Although the construction and characteristics of spaceborne instruments may be quite similar, they are not identical among all missions, even for the same type of instrument like AVHRR. Consequently, the effect of varying spectral response may create an artificial noise imposed upon a subtle natural variability. We report the results of a study on the sensitivity of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), surface and cloud reflectance to differences in instrument spectral response functions (SRF) for various satellite sensors. They include AVHRR radiometers onboard NOAA satellites NOAA-6 - NOAA-16, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), the VEGETATION sensor (VGT) and the Global Imager (GLI). We also analyzed the SRF effects for several geostationary satellites used for cloud studies, such as GOES-8- 12, METEOSAT-2- 7, GMS -1 -5. The results obtained here demonstrate that the effect of instrument spectral response function cannot be ignored in long-term monitoring studies that employ space observations from different sensors. The SRF effect introduces differences in observed reflectances and retrieved quantities that may be comparable or exceed the range of natural variability and possible systematic trends, the contribution from the calibration, atmospheric and other corrections. Some modeling results were validated against real satellite observations with good agreement.

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