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TitleSatellite image fusion with multi-scale wavelet analysis: Preserving Spatial Information and Minimizing Artifacts (PSIMA)
LicencePlease note the adoption of the Open Government Licence - Canada supersedes any previous licences.
AuthorDu, Y; Vachon, P W; van der Sanden, J JORCID logo
SourceProceedings of the 23rd Canadian Symposium on Remote Sensing, Ste. Foy, Quebec, August 20 - 24; 2001., Open Access
logo Open Access
Alt SeriesEarth Sciences Sector, Contribution Series 20042984
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
Released2001 01 01
AbstractImage fusion is the combination of two or more different images to form a new image that contains enhanced information. Consistent with specific application goals, a variety of image products arises from the many available fusion algorithms. However, there is no universal, quantitative performance measure to estimate image fusion quality. The essential objective of image fusion is that nearly all of the original application-specific information should be preserved, and artifacts should be minimized in the final product.

The wavelet transform, a well-known and solid mathematical tool, has already been applied to multi-sensor image fusion. The wavelet transform allows the decomposition of an image into its constituent spatial scale layers. Most image fusion techniques, including wavelet analysis, require that the input images of different spatial resolutions and sample sizes first be re-sampled to achieve spatial registration. The re-sampling could cause a loss of spatial information or might introduce artifacts in the final fused image, especially when the resolutions of the input images are significantly different.

In this paper, as a further development of the application of wavelet analysis to image fusion, we propose a new scheme for multi-resolution image fusion, Preserving Spatial Information and Minimizing Artifacts (PSIMA) with multi-scale wavelet analysis. With the PSIMA scheme, the images are fused in almost their original pixel size. Therefore, the finest spatial information of the input images can be preserved and artifacts minimized in the final fused product. We demonstrate the PSIMA scheme using RADARSAT-1 ScanSAR and NOAA AVHRR images. The results show that the PSIMA scheme is superior to conventional wavelet analysis for image fusion in terms of spatial information preservation and artifact rejection.


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