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TitleEvaluation of compositing algorithms for AVHRR data over land
AuthorCihlar, J; Manak, D K; D'Iorio, M
SourceIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) vol. 32, issue 2, 1994 p. 427-437,
Alt SeriesEarth Sciences Sector, Contribution Series 20041194
Alt SeriesRESORS 1100901
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
SubjectsScience and Technology; Nature and Environment; remote sensing; satellites; satellite imagery; vegetation; modelling; Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI); maximum NDVI (MaN); maximum apparent temperature (MaT); maximum difference of channels 2 minus 1 (MaD)
Released1994 03 01
AbstractThe objective of this study was to evaluate alternative methods for producing both NDVI and single channels composite images of land surfaces from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR). As a goal, it was specified that the composite image should approximate as much as possible a single-date image with a constant, near-nadir geometry. The comparative performance of 3 single-step (maximum NDVI (MaN), maximum apparent temperature (MaT), maximum difference of channels 2 minus 1 (MaD)) and 2 two-step (maximum NDVI followed by maximum temperature (MaNMaT) or by minimum scan angle (MaNMiSc)) criteria in creating composite images was evaluated for three land cover types, namely cropland, coniferous forest, and deciduous forest within a boreal ecosystem. The assessment was carried out using 18 images obtained with various acquisition geometries in mid-summer over a 1000 × 1000km area in Manitoba, Canada. In addition, MaT performance was compared to that of MaN for all Canada during two compositing periods. It was found that among the five criteria tested, MaT and MaNMiSc were most effective one- and two-step criteria, respectively. MaN preferentially selected off-nadir pixels from the forescatter region, the degree varying with land cover type; the overall NDVI values were higher than for MaT. MaD showed a very strong preference for high backscatter region pixels, regardless of land cover type. Depending on cover type, the NDVI values resulting from MaD were higher or lower than those from a nadir image. Based on ranking of the five techniques using statistics of the differences between composite and reference images, it was found that MaT and MaNMiSc performed similarly, and better than the remaining criteria. Results of the tests show that although statistically reasonable approximations of the reference image could be produced by one or more method, none of the criteria could consistently yield composites closely resembling the nadir image on a pixel basis, even for a reasonably long compositing period. Therefore, pixel-specific applications of the composites relying on individual channels will likely have to be based on data corrected for bidirectional effects. The results suggest that such corrections are also required for NDVI and, by analogy, for other AVHRR channel combinations.

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