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TitleOn The Slope Aspect Correction of Multispectral Scanner Data
AuthorTeillet, P M; Guindon, B; Goodenough, D GORCID logo
SourceCanadian Journal of Remote Sensing 8, 2, 1982 p. 84-106, Open Access logo Open Access
Alt SeriesEarth Sciences Sector, Contribution Series 20040393
Alt SeriesRESORS 1038331
PublisherInforma UK Limited
Mediapaper; on-line; digital
File formatpdf
Subjectsgeophysics; remote sensing
Released2014 08 01
AbstractThe effects of topography on the radiometric properties of multispectral scanner (MSS) data are examined in the context of the remote sensing of forests in mountainous regions. The two test areas considered for this study are located in the coastal mountains of British Colombia, one at the Anderson River near Boston Bar and the other at Gun Lake near Bralorne. The predominant forest type at the lodgepole pine and ponderosa pine. Both regions have rugged topography, with elevations ranging from 330 to 1100 metres above sea level at Anderson River and from 750 to 1300 metres above sea level at Gun Lake.

Lambertian and non-Lambertian illumination corrections are formulated, taking into account atmospheric affects as well as topographic variations. Terrain slope and aspect values are determined from a digital elevation model and atmospheric parameters are obtained from a model atmosphere computation for the irradiance and atmospheric path radiance are neglected, one is left with a cosine lumination transformations of images of horizontal terrain. However, this extension of the simple cosine correction to the case of sloped terrain is shown to be inadequate, especially for larger angles of incidence.

Attempts are also made to remove the effect of topography by means of semi-empirical functions primarily based on cosines of the incident illumination angles. In this approach, correlations and linear regressions between topographic parameters and MSS radiance values are investigated for the different forest types under consideration at each site.

The analysis encompasses LANDSAT MSS and 11-channel airborne MSS data at a resolution of 50 metres. Slope-aspect correction algorithms for both of these types of data are implemented in software on the image analysis system at the Canada Centre for Remote Sensing. Geometric rectification is also a prerequisite in order to relate image geometry to the map co-ordinates on which the digital terrain data are based. A special technique involving flight line modelling is used to accomplish this in the case of aircraft data since prior knowledge of the terrain elevation is needed for each image pixel in order to establish the correct transformation.

Feature selection based on divergence criteria indicates that terrain elevation data compare favorably with the MSS data in terms of ability to separate forest classes. However, maximum likelihood classification results for MSS data, corrected for slope-aspect effects using a variety of functions, show little or no significant improvement over results


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